Correlation of Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome in Indian Set-Up
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014, Pages: 102-105
Received: Apr. 19, 2014; Accepted: May 10, 2014; Published: May 20, 2014
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Authors
Preeti Garg, Department of Pharmacology, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Village Ram Nagar, District Patiala, Punjab, India-140601
Prithpal S Matreja, Department of Pharmacology, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Village Ram Nagar, Tehsil Rajpura, District Patiala, Punjab, India-140601
Prem P Khosla, Department of Pharmacology, Subharti Medical College and Hospital, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India-250002
Lovepreet Kaur, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Village Ram Nagar, District Patiala, Punjab, India-140601
Praveen Mohan, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MM Institute of Medical Science and Research, Mullana, Harayana, India - 133207
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Abstract
Premenstrual symptoms (PMS) occur very commonly and cause a negative impact on the overall quality of life of the women. These symptoms cause distress, depression and strain interpersonal relationships. Little is known about PMS in India hence, this study was designed to know the prevalence of these symptoms and any correlation between them in adult Indian population. This survey was conducted in 150 healthy volunteers in the later half of the menstrual cycle. A predesigned questionnaire regarding PMS was filled. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee and only those participants were enrolled who were willing to give written informed consent. A total of 148 females were enrolled in the study and divided into 2 groups. All the parameters were comparable except for a significant (p<0.05) difference in higher complaints of insomnia in group 1. PMS A which considered symptoms of anxiety, irritability, mood swings and nervousness. PMS C included symptoms like increase in appetite, headache, fatigue, dizziness and palpitation. PMS D included symptoms of depression, crying, forgetfulness, confusion and insomnia. PMS H included symptoms of fluid retention, increase in weight, and swelling of extremities, breast tenderness and abdominal bloating. PMS A was significantly correlated with PMS C, PMS D, backache and abdominal bloating in both group 1 and 2. PMS C was significantly correlated with PMS A, PMS D, PMS H, insomnia and generalized aches in both group 1 and 2. PMS D was significantly correlated with PMS A, PMS C, PMS H in both group 1 and 2. PMS H was significantly correlated with PMS C and PMS D in both group 1 and 2. PMS H has significant correlation with PMS A and insomnia in group 1 and age in group 2. Our study shows premenstrual symptoms are very common and distressing and there is a significant correlation between the various physical, emotional and psychological symptoms.
Keywords
Premenstrual Syndrome, Menstrual Cycle, Questionnaire, Physical, Emotional, Psychological
To cite this article
Preeti Garg, Prithpal S Matreja, Prem P Khosla, Lovepreet Kaur, Praveen Mohan, Correlation of Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome in Indian Set-Up, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014, pp. 102-105. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20140203.15
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