Quality of Life, Sexual Functions and Urinary Incontinence After Hysterectomy in Hungarian Women
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 393-398
Received: Sep. 29, 2015; Accepted: Nov. 9, 2015; Published: Dec. 30, 2015
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Authors
Márta Hock, Institute of Physiotherapy and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary
Szilvia Tóth, Department of Rehabilitation, St. Luke Hospital, Dombóvár, Hungary
Géza Hartmann, Institute of Human Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary
Tamás Hartmann, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital of Mohács, Mohács, Hungary
József Bódis, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary
János Garai, Institute of Pathophysiology and Gerontology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary
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Abstract
Objectives: The aim of the current study is to examine changes in sexual function, incontinence and quality of life after hysterectomy, with particular regard to different surgical methods of hysterectomy. Material and methods: A total number of 210 women with hysterectomy were asked to answer the questionnaire between 2011 and 2013; 164 of them accepted to cooperate. Twenty-one women were excluded from the study because of depression, thus the final number of participants was 143. In our retrospective study, patients were randomized by the snowball sampling (or chain referral sampling) method into three groups: having had 1total abdominal hysterectomy; 2. vaginal hysterectomy; or 3. subtotal abdominal hysterectomy (according to Crobach). Three questionnaires were used to collect quality of life data: 1. our own questionnaire on general health status, 2. the Short Form 36 questionnaire, and 3. a combination of shortened versions of the Lemack and Female Sexual Function Index. For the statistical analysis, Student’s t-test and/or the Mann–Whitney U-test were used. The statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS 20.0.5 system. The significance level of p ≤ 0.05 was used. Results: The mean age of the vaginal total hysterectomy group, abdominal subtotal hysterectomy and abdominal total hysterectomy was 50.08±3.1; 45.47±2.5 and 48.27±2.7 years, respectively (p=0.203). Their average BMI was 26.88±3.45 kg/m2. The average length of the postoperative period was 4.05±2.25 years. Participants had a mean number of children 1.74/person; most of the participants were married (59.44%), and had a college or university degree (37.6%). There was no statistically significant difference in quality of life data between the subgroups. In the subgroup of women with vaginal hysterectomy, significantly higher incidence of pelvic pain was felt once in a while during sexual intercourse (p = 0.047), and there was a significantly higher incidence of urinary incontinence (p = 0.023) as well. Conclusion: Types of hysterectomy did not significantly affect long term quality of life in general, but vaginal hysterectomy was more likely to affect sexual function and to increase the risk of incontinence when compared with abdominal hysterectomy.
Keywords
Hysterectomy, Incontinence, Quality of Life, Sexual Function
To cite this article
Márta Hock, Szilvia Tóth, Géza Hartmann, Tamás Hartmann, József Bódis, János Garai, Quality of Life, Sexual Functions and Urinary Incontinence After Hysterectomy in Hungarian Women, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 393-398. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20150306.23
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Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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