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Frequency of Intestinal Parasites Among Sudanese Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 82-85
Received: May 22, 2016; Accepted: Jun. 3, 2016; Published: Jun. 18, 2016
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Authors
Sara Lavinia Brair, Community Medicine Dep., Faculty of Medicine, Al-Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan
Linda Bashier Eltayeb, Parasitology Dep., Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan
Sara Abdelghani Elgazy, Parasitology Dep., Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Al-Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan
Abdelsalam Mohammad Nail, Gastroenterology Dep., Faculty of Medicine, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan
Alfatih Saifudinn Aljafari, Parasitology Dep., Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Al-Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan; Pathology Dep., College of Medicine, Al Jouf University, Al Jouf, Saudi Arabia
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Abstract
The objective of this case control study is to identify the relationship between intestinal parasitic infection and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) among Sudanese patients. Method: Two hundred patients diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and were attended Health Facilities at Khartoum State were enrolled, together with 99 apparently healthy controls. Patients were classified into three groups (IBS-all types, IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D), and IBS with constipation (IBS-C)). Stool specimens were collected form study population and all were subjected to microscopic examination following wet saline preparation, formal-ether concentration technique, Z. N stain, and in vitro cultivation in Locke egg medium. Results: Intestinal parasites were detected in 32% (64/200) of IBS-all types; and in 16.2% (16/99) of control group (P. value 0.005). For patients, 20 (10%) were positive for the Entamoeba cyst, 3 (1.5%) Giardia lamblia cysts, and 41 (20.5%) were positive for Blastocystis hominis cyst. For control, Entamoeba species were detected in 10 (10.1%), G. lambelia one case (1.1%), and B. hominis in 5 (5.2%). Blastocystis hominis was significantly prevalent among IBS-all types than the control group (P. value 0.02). It is more frequent among patients with IBS- D than those with IBS-C (P. value 0.001). Conclusion: This study concluded that, there is a statistical association between presence of intestinal parasites and IBS on study population. Blastocystis hominis was found more frequently detected parasite, and it was found significantly associated with IBS- diarrhea.
Keywords
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Intestinal Parasites, Blastocystis hominis, Giardia Lamblia
To cite this article
Sara Lavinia Brair, Linda Bashier Eltayeb, Sara Abdelghani Elgazy, Abdelsalam Mohammad Nail, Alfatih Saifudinn Aljafari, Frequency of Intestinal Parasites Among Sudanese Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 82-85. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20160404.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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