Pattern of Partial Edentulism and Its Relation to Age, Gender, Causes of Teeth Loss in Jazan Population
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 4, Issue 5, September 2016, Pages: 121-126
Received: Jul. 27, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 4, 2016; Published: Aug. 25, 2016
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Authors
Mohammed M. Al Moaleem, Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, KSA
Dawood M. Somaili, Department of Internes, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, KSA
Tayeb A. Ageeli, Department of Internes, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, KSA
Sultan M. Namis, Department of Internes, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, KSA
Abdulaziz H. Mobarki, Department of Internes, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, KSA
Mohamed Sobhy Mohamed, Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, KSA
Jameel A Saib, Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, KSA
Khurshid A. Matto, Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, KSA
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Abstract
Introduction: Statistic distribution of Kennedy's classifications and tooth loss among general population are important reasons to assess the dentures needs and impact of preventive dentistry in any society. Aim: To determine the frequency and pattern of Kennedys classification among Jazan population in relation to different age group, gender, sites and causes of tooth loss. Material and methods: The data was collected between May 2014 and May 2015 from patients who required removable partial dentures. Clinical intra-oral and radiographic examinations were done, then the data were registered and the Kennedy classes and causes of teeth loss were recorded. The number of subjects participated were 339 male and 240 female. They were divided into five groups, 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59 and ≥ 60 years respectively. All relevant data were entered into SPSS program and analyzed accordingly using Fisher exact test. Results: The highest number of patients among males and females were in age group of 50-59 year. Kennedy’s class III was the highest among all age groups. In males, class III Kennedy classification was the highest in both arches, while class I was the highest in female. Periodontal disease was the major cause of tooth loss in both genders, followed by dental caries. A combination of both causes was founded in less than 10% of subjects. There were significant differences between all groups. The obtained P values were statistically significant (p<.000). Conclusion: Kennedys Class III had highest frequency in males in all age groups and in both arches whereas in females, Kennedys class I was the highest. Periodontal disease was the most common cause of tooth loss in all genders followed by dental caries.
Keywords
Partial Edentulism, Dental Arch, Age, Sex, Tooth Extraction, Saudi Arabia
To cite this article
Mohammed M. Al Moaleem, Dawood M. Somaili, Tayeb A. Ageeli, Sultan M. Namis, Abdulaziz H. Mobarki, Mohamed Sobhy Mohamed, Jameel A Saib, Khurshid A. Matto, Pattern of Partial Edentulism and Its Relation to Age, Gender, Causes of Teeth Loss in Jazan Population, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2016, pp. 121-126. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20160405.12
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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