Assessment of Water Handling and Sanitation Practices Among Rural Communities of Farta Woreda, Northwest Ethiopia
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 119-124
Received: Jun. 12, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 20, 2017; Published: Aug. 11, 2017
Views 1612      Downloads 126
Genet Gedamu Kassie, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Desta Haftu Hayelom, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Worldwide, 663 million people do not have access to improved drinking water supplies and 2.5 billion people lack access to improved sanitation including one billion who practice open defecation. Eighty-eight percent of deaths from diarrheal diseases are attributable to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation, and insufficient hygiene practices. So this study is aimed at assessing water handling and sanitation practice among rural communities of Farta woreda, North West Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Farta Woreda in March 2014. A total of 834 households were proportionally allocated to 10 kebeles of the Woreda and selected by systematic random sampling technique. Data was collected using a pretested structured questionnaire. Descriptive analysis was performed to obtain the frequency distribution of the variables. The majority of respondents used unprotected spring 313 (37.5%) followed by protected spring 206 (24.7%) for all domestic use. Most respondents 382 (92.5%) had covered their stored water and practiced pouring method to withdraw water from the stored container. Majority 738 (88.5%) of households had access to water within a time of 30 minutes or less. House hold water treatment was not common in the study area, only 23 (2.8%) households practiced. About four hundred seventy eight (57.3%) households had latrine facility, of which 263 (55%) was open pit latrine. Of those households having latrine only 102 (21.3%) households had hand washing facility. This study revealed that most of the respondents had poor water handling and sanitation practice. Thus, it underscores that there should be great attention.
Water Handling, Sanitation, Ethiopia, Rural Community
To cite this article
Genet Gedamu Kassie, Desta Haftu Hayelom, Assessment of Water Handling and Sanitation Practices Among Rural Communities of Farta Woreda, Northwest Ethiopia, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 119-124. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20170505.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Khan, A. H., The sanitation gap: Development's deadly menace. The progress of nations, 1997: p. 5-13.
Odai, S. and Dugbantey, D. Towards pollution reduction in peri-urban water supply: A case study of Ashanti region in Ghana. in Diffuse Pollution Conference, Dublin. 2003.
WHO. Progress on sanitation and drinking water – 2015 update and MDG assessment., 2015.
Prüss-Üstün, A., et al., Safer water, better health: costs, benefits and sustainability of interventions to protect and promote health. 2008: World Health Organization.
Clasen, T. F. and Cairncross, S. Household water management: refining the dominant paradigm. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 2004. 9 (2): p. 187-191.
Clasen, T. F. and Mintz, E. D. International network to promote household water treatment and safe storage. Emerging infectious diseases, 2004. 10 (6): p. 1179.
WHO/UNICEF, Joint Monitoring Program for Water Supply and Sanitation: Ethiopia 2008 estimates, 2010.
Sehar, S., et al., Monitoring of Physico-Chemical and Microbiological Analysis of Under Ground Water Samples of District Kallar Syedan, Rawalpindi-Pakistan. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences. ISSN, 2011. 2231: p. 606X.
Udousoro, I. and Umor en, I. Assessment of Surface and Ground Water Quality of Uruan in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 2014. 4 (6): p. 11-27.
WHO and UNICEF. Core questions on drinking water and sanitation for household surveys. WHO Press Geneva, Switzerland. 2006: p. 6-20.
Howard, G. Water quality surveillance A practical guide. 2002.
Amenu, D., Menkir, S., and Gobena, T. Assessment of water handling practices among rural communities of Dire Dawa Administrative Council, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, 2013. 2 (2): p. 75.
Sharma, H. R., et al., Water Handling Practices and Level of Contamination Between Source and Point-of-Use in Kolladiba Town, Ethiopia Environ. We Int. J. Sci. Tech., 2013. 8: p. 25-35.
CDC. The Safe Water System. 2010; Available from:
Temsgen, E. and Hameed, S. Assessment of Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological quality of drinking water at sources and Household in Adama town, Oromiya Regional State, Ethiopia. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2015. 9 (5): p. 413-.
Milkiyas, T., Mulugeta, K and Bayeh, A. Bacteriological and Physico-Chmical Quality of Drinking water and hygiene-sanitation practices of the consumers in Bahirdar city, Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Sci., 2011. 21 (1): p. 22-26.
Abebe, B. and Dejene, H. Bacteriological and Physicochemical Quality of Drinking Water Sources and Household Water Handling Practice Among Rural Communities of Bona District, Sidama Zone-Zouthern, Ethiopia. Science Journal of Public Health, 2015. 3 (5): p. 782-789.
Science Publishing Group
NEW YORK, NY 10018
Tel: (001)347-983-5186