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Factors Affecting Use of Insecticide Treated Nets by Children Under Five Years of Age in Kenya
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2018, Pages: 86-92
Received: Aug. 26, 2018; Accepted: Sep. 27, 2018; Published: Oct. 25, 2018
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Geraldine Minoo Kyalo, National Treasury, Nairobi, Kenya
Urbanus Mutuku Kioko, School of Economics, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
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Malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and mostly affects pregnant women and children under five years of age. It is among the leading cause of deaths in under five years of age with an approximate of 20 percent of all deaths in Kenya. The World Health Organization recommends the use of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) and Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) for prevention of malaria infection. Although several studies have analysed the accessibility, availability, ownership and utilization of ITNs by children less than five years of age, information on intra-household factors that influence utilization of ITNs by children less than five years of age is very limited. This study investigated the factors that influence use of ITNs and LLINs by children under five years across the country using the random utility model because of the nature of the outcomes which are discrete in nature. The regression results showed that age of household head, household size, gender of child and the head of the household, presence of fever, treatment of net since acquisition significantly affected use of ITNs. The study concludes that these factors hinder use of ITNs by children under five years and therefore presence of an ITN in a household may not guarantee utilisation. The study recommends that efforts be made to increase awareness on the importance of ensuring children under five years sleep under an ITN if reduction in morbidity and mortality in this age group is to be realised.
Malaria, Under-Five Years, Utilisation, Determinants, Binary Logit
To cite this article
Geraldine Minoo Kyalo, Urbanus Mutuku Kioko, Factors Affecting Use of Insecticide Treated Nets by Children Under Five Years of Age in Kenya, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 86-92. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20180604.15
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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