Prevalence and Associated Risk Factor for Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Southwestern Ethiopia: A Three-Year Retrospective Study
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 7, Issue 5, September 2019, Pages: 85-88
Received: May 24, 2019;
Accepted: Jul. 18, 2019;
Published: Oct. 12, 2019
Views 125 Downloads 47
Yohannes Haile Menuta, Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Follow on us
Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of mortality among infectious diseases worldwide and 95% of TB cases and 98% of deaths due to tuberculosis occur in developing countries. Tuberculosis remains a major global health problem, responsible for ill health among millions of people each year, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries. The study was aimed to identify the prevalence and associated risk factor of pulmonary TB patient in Woliso Town. Descriptive statistics were used to present the data and logistic regression was applied to check the association between the dependent and independent variables. A total of 547 TB patients were included from hospital records. Majority of the patients were female (59.6%) and rural residents (67.2%). In addition, clinical record of the patients showed that more than half (66.6%) and 181 (33.1%) were PTB- and PTB+ patients, respectively. In multivariate logistic regression result, there was significant effect on the prevalence of PTB being female (P=0.00), age between 31-45 year (p=0.03), age between 46-60 year (p=0.00), weight found between 41-61kg (p=0.015), rural residence (p=0.03), married patient (p=0.014) and relapse (p=0.000). The findings show that the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis was high. The study also indicates that sex, age, residence, marital status, weight, and, condition of relapsing had significant effect on prevalence of PTB.
Prevalence, Risk Factor, Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Woliso Lukas Hospital, Southwestern, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Yohannes Haile Menuta,
Prevalence and Associated Risk Factor for Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Southwestern Ethiopia: A Three-Year Retrospective Study, American Journal of Health Research.
Vol. 7, No. 5,
2019, pp. 85-88.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ravilglon MC, O’ Brien RJ. Tuberculosis in: Fauce AS, Braunwald, Isselacher KJ, Wilson JD, Martin JB, Kaspr DL, Longo L. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 14th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 1998: 1004-1014.
Yad I, Pathan AJ, Iliyas M. Community Medicine and Public Health 4 th edition. Karachi: Time Reader, 1997: 544-45.
Rajeswari R, Balasubramanian R, Muniyandi M, Geetharamani S, Thresa X, Venkatesan P. Socioeconomic impact of tuberculosis on patients and family in India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1999; 3: 869–77.
World Health Organization (WHO). Global tuberculosis report 2015: 20th edition. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2015.
World Health Organization (WHO). Global Tuberculosis Report. WHO Report 2011. [http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global report/en/].
World Health Organization (WHO). Global tuberculosis control: epidemiology, strategy, financing: WHO report 2009. WHO, Geneva; WHO/HTM/TB/2009.411.
World Health Organization (WHO). Global tuberculosis control: epidemiology, strategy, financing: WHO report 2010. WHO, Geneva; WHO/HTM/TB/2009.411.
Biadglegne F, Anagaw B, Debebe T, Anagaw B, Tesfaye W, Tessema A.( 2013). A retrospective study on the outcomes of tuberculosis treatment in Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Int J Med Med Sci. 2013; 5 (2): 85–91.
Nwene K. E. Evaluation of Treatment Outcome in Tuberculosis Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS) Facilities in Anambra State (2004-2008).
Minster of Health (MOH). The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and malarial Ethiopia proposal 2nd edition.
Tessema B, Muche A, Bekele A, Reissig D, Emmrich F, Sack U. Treatment outcome of Tuberculosis patients at Gondar University Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. A five-year retrospective study. BMC Public Health.2009; 9:371. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-371 PMID: 19799801.
Sisay S, Mengistu B, Erku W and Woldeyohannes D. Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) for tuberculosis control program in Gambella Regional State, Ethiopia: ten years experience BMC Research Notes. 2014; 7:44. doi: 10.1186/1756-0500-7-44 PMID: 24444379.
Qayyum, M. Shafiq And Azfar Farogh. Prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Among Diabetics. Biomedica Vol. 20, 2004;
Peierdun Mijiti, Li Yuehua, Xue Feng, Paul J Milligan, Corinne Merle, Wu Gang, Liu Nianqiang, Halmurat Upur. Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in western China in 2010–11: a population-based, cross-sectional survey.