Prevalence and Relationship between Analgesic and Alcohol Consumption, Smoking Habit and Occurrence of Lowback Pain amongst Craftsmen in a South-East Nigerian Community
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 2, Issue 5-1, October 2014, Pages: 45-49
Received: Sep. 2, 2014;
Accepted: Sep. 19, 2014;
Published: Sep. 27, 2014
Views 3278 Downloads 178
Gabriel Omoniyi Ayeni, Department of Physiotherapy, Federal Medical Centre, Owerri, Nigeria
Oyewale Mayowa Morakinyo, Department of Public Health Technology, Federal University of Tech., Owerri, Nigeria
Oladire Olaniyi, Department of Physiotherapy, Federal Medical Centre, Owerri, Nigeria
Ayodele Teslim Onigbinde, Dept of Medical Rehabilitation, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Oluwasegun AkindeleAyeni, Department of Mathematics (Statistics), University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Low back pain (LBP) is a major cause of disability with high economic and public health repercussions. The main objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence and relationship between analgesic and alcohol consumption, smoking and occurrence of lowback pain amongst craftsmen in Owerri, a South-East Nigerian community. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data on lifestyle and low back pain of 500 craftsmen. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean, percentage, frequency and inferential statistics of chi square; and multiple regressions. The result showed that the point prevalence for LBP was 34%. The 3-month, 12-month and life time prevalence of LBP were 35.4% 57.4% and 69.0% respectively. Habits of analgesic consumption (OR = 5.51; CI = 1.07 - 4.29; p = 0.048) and alcohol consumption (OR=2.53, CI=1.47-4.38, p<0.001) had significant association with low back pain. We concluded that the point prevalence for low back pain was 34%. Also, LBP was associated with some selected lifestyle factors
Gabriel Omoniyi Ayeni,
Oyewale Mayowa Morakinyo,
Ayodele Teslim Onigbinde,
Prevalence and Relationship between Analgesic and Alcohol Consumption, Smoking Habit and Occurrence of Lowback Pain amongst Craftsmen in a South-East Nigerian Community, American Journal of Health Research. Special Issue: Supplementary Prescribing in Nigeria: A Needy Concept to Promote Clinical Physiotherapy Practice.
Vol. 2, No. 5-1,
2014, pp. 45-49.
Omokhodion FO, Sanya AO (2003). Risk factors for low back pain in the office workers. J. Occup. Med; 53: 287-289
Cunninghan C, Doody C and Blake C (2008). Managing lowback pain: knowledge and attitude of hospital manager. J. Occup. Med; 258: 282-288
Maniadakis N, Gray A (2000). The economic burden of back pain in the UK. Pain; 84: 95–103
Woolf A, Pfleger B (2003). Burden of major musculoskeletal conditions. Bull World Health Organ; 81(9): 646-656
Cole AJ, Heithoff KB, Herzog RJ (2003). The lumbar spine: imaging option. In: Cole AJ., Herring SA, eds. The lowback pain hand book: a guide for practicing clinician. 2nd ed. Philadelphia PA, USA: Hanley and Belfus. pp 219-262
Sanya AO, Omokhodion FO, Ogwumike OO (2005). Risk factors for low back pain among hospital workers in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. J. Nig. Soc. Physioth; 15(2): 31-34
Murtezani A, Ibraimi Z, Sllamniku S, Osmani T, Sherifi S (2012). Prevalence and risk factors for low back pain in industrial workers. Folia Med (Plovdiv). 53 (3): 68-74
Louw QA, Morris LD, Grimmer-Somers K (2007). The Prevalence of low back pain in Africa: A systematic review. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders; 8:105
World Health Organization (2003). Scientific Group on the Burden of Musculoskeletal Conditions of the Start of the New Millennium. The burden of musculoskeletal conditions at the start of the new millennium. World Health Organ Technical Report Series 2003, 919: 1-218
Freburger JK, Holmes GM, Agans RP, Jackman AM, Darter J.D, Wallace AS, Castel LD, Kalsbeek WD, Carey TS (2009). The rising prevalence of chronic low back pain. Arch. Intern. Med.; 169(3): 251–258
Stewart GS, Wang B, Bignell CR, Taylor AM, Elledge SJ (2003). MDC1 is a mediator of the mammalian DNA damage checkpoint. Nature; 421: 961–966
Maneka NJ, MacGregorb AJ (2005). Epidemiology of back disorders: prevalence, risk factors, and prognosis. Current Opinion in Rheumatology; 17:134—140
Vieira ER, Kumar S, Narayan Y (2008). Smoking, no-exercise, overweight and low back disorder in welders and nurses. Int J. Ind. Ergs; 38(2): 143-149
Sanya AO, Ogwumike OO (2005). Low back pain prevalence amongst Industrial workers in the private sector in Oyo State, Nigeria. Afr. J. Med. and Med. Sc.; 34(3): 245-9
Walker B (2000): The Prevalence of Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review of the Literature from 1966 to 1998. Journal of Spinal Disorders; 13(3):205-217.
van Vuuren B, Zinzen E, van Heerden H, Becker P, Meeusen R (2005). Psychosocial Factors related to lower back problems in a South African Manganese Industry. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation; 15(2):215-225.
Al-Dubai SR, Qureshi AM, Ismail NH, Rampal KG (2012). Prevalence and determinants of lowback pain among taxi driver in Malaysia: a cross sectional study. J. Adv Med Res; 2(4): 129-143
Miyamoto M, Konno S, Gembun Y, Liu X, Minami K, Ito H (2008). Epidemiological study of lowback pain and occupational risk factors among taxi drivers. Ind. Health; 46 (2):112-117
Leboeuf-Yde C (2000). Alcohol and lowback pain: a systematic literature review. J.Mani. Physio. Ther; 23: 343-6
Tomita S, Arphorn S, Muto T, Koetkhalai K, Naing S, Chaikittiporn C (2010). Prevalence and risk factors of lowback pain among Thai and Myammar migrant seafood processing factory workers in SamortSarkon Province, Thailand. Ind. Health, 48: 283-291
Onigbinde AT, M’Kumbuzi V, Olaogun MO, Afolabi JO, Nondwe BM, Manie S, Tarimo N, Mukoka G (2014). Side Effects of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs: The Experience of Patients with Musculoskeletal Disorders. American Journal of Health Research; 2 (4):106-112. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20140204.11
Schnitzer TJ, Ferraro A, Hunsche E (2004). A comprehensive review of clinical trials on the efficacy and safety of drugs for the treatment of low back pain. J Pain Symptom Manage; 28:72–95.
Ekman EF, Koman LA (2005). Acute pain following musculoskeletal injuries and orthopedic surgery: mechanisms and management. Instr Course Lect; 54:21–33.
Hickey RF (1982). Chronic low back pain: a comparison of diflunisal with paracetamol. NZ Med J; 95:312–4.
Videman T, Osterman K (1984). Double-blind parallel study of piroxicam versus indomethacin in the treatment of low back pain. Ann Clin Res; 16:156–60.
Berry H,Bloom B, Hamilton, EB (1982). Naproxen sodium, diflunisal, and placebo in the treatment of chronic back pain. Ann Rheum Dis; 41:129–32.
Klesges RC, ZbiwoskiSM, Lando HA (1998). The relationship between smoking and body weight in a population of young military personnel. Health Psychology; 17: 454-458
Alkherayf F, Agbi C (2009). Cigarette smoking and chronic low back pain in the adult population. Clinical and investigative medicine. Medecine clinique et experimentale; 32(5):360-7
Leboeuf-Yde C, Kyvik K O, Bruun N H (1998). Low back pain and lifestyle. Part I: Smoking. Information from a population-based sample of 29,424 twins. Spine; 23(20): 2207-13.
Jamison RN, Stetson BA, Parris WCV (1991). The relationship between cigarette smoking and chronic low back pain. Addict Behav; 16: 103-110