An Assessment of Knowledge of Nigerian Female Undergraduates on Obesity as a Risk Factor for Cardiovascular Disease in Women
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 2, Issue 5-1, October 2014, Pages: 50-55
Received: Sep. 2, 2014; Accepted: Sep. 19, 2014; Published: Sep. 27, 2014
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Authors
Taofeek Oluwole Awotidebe, Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile - Ife, Nigeria
Rufus Adesoji Adedoyin, Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile - Ife, Nigeria
Busola Fatoogun, Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile - Ife, Nigeria
Victor Adeyeye, Care Care Clinic, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile – Ife, Nigeria
Chidozie Emmanuel Mbada, Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile - Ife, Nigeria
Odunayo Theresa Akinola, Department of Physiotherapy, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria
Olubusola Esther Johnson, Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile - Ife, Nigeria
Nicole De Wet, Department of Demography and Population Studies Programme, School of Social Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
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Abstract
There is an increasing predilection to obesity and consequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) among women. This study investigated knowledge of Nigerian female undergraduates on obesity as a risk factor for CVD in women. This cross-sectional study recruited 400 female undergraduate students at a tertiary institution in Nigeria. A validated questionnaire was used to assess respondents’ knowledge of obesity as a risk factor for CVD. Descriptive statistics of frequency, mean and standard deviation were used to summarize data while inferential statistics of Spearman Rank Correlation was used to determine the relationship between knowledge score and each of age, level of study, and source of information. Alpha level was set at 0.05. Excessive high calorie intake, 322(80.5%), fatty food intake, 393(98.3%) and physical inactivity, 360(90.0%) were the most implicated causative factors for obesity. Three hundred and thirty five (83.8%) respondents recognized obesity as a leading cause of CVD. The result of this study also showed that there were no significant relationships between knowledge of obesity as risk factor for CVD and each of age (r = -0.04; p = 0.37), level of study (r =0.04; p = 0.45) and source of information (r = -0.005; p = 0.92). We concluded that Nigerian female undergraduates demonstrated average to good knowledge on obesity as risk factor for cardiovascular disease in women. Socio-demographic variables and source of information did not influence Knowledge of obesity as a risk factor for CVD among Nigerian female undergraduates.
Keywords
Knowledge, Obesity, Cardiovascular Disease, Female Undergraduate
To cite this article
Taofeek Oluwole Awotidebe, Rufus Adesoji Adedoyin, Busola Fatoogun, Victor Adeyeye, Chidozie Emmanuel Mbada, Odunayo Theresa Akinola, Olubusola Esther Johnson, Nicole De Wet, An Assessment of Knowledge of Nigerian Female Undergraduates on Obesity as a Risk Factor for Cardiovascular Disease in Women, American Journal of Health Research. Special Issue:Supplementary Prescribing in Nigeria: A Needy Concept to Promote Clinical Physiotherapy Practice. Vol. 2, No. 5-1, 2014, pp. 50-55. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.s.2014020501.20
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