American Journal of Health Research
Volume 3, Issue 3-2, June 2015, Pages: 1-5
Received: Apr. 18, 2015;
Accepted: Apr. 20, 2015;
Published: Sep. 7, 2015
Views 4062 Downloads 104
Malik P, Department of Prosthodontics, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Pt. B.D.Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India
Rathee M, Department of Prosthodontics, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Pt. B.D.Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India
Sehrawat R, Department of Pharmacology, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
TMD commonly used term for temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders are a group of conditions that cause pain and dysfunction in the tempoomandibular joint and the muscles that control jaw movement. Temporomandibular joint disorder since a clinical entity with diverse etiologies and symptoms, thus much of the difficulty is encountered in the treatment of TMD. Therefore through this paper emphasis is made on the diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders and their management which form the basis for a rational approach to therapy.
Temporomandibular Disorders And their Management, American Journal of Health Research. Special Issue: Rethinking Temporomandibular Joint in Health and Disease: At Diagnosis and Interventional Level.
Vol. 3, No. 3-2,
2015, pp. 1-5.
Trowell Janet: Temporomandibular joint pain referred from muscles of the head and neck. J Prosthet Dent 1960; 10: 745-763.
Bruno A. Sebasteen : Neuromuscular disturbances causing temporomandibular dysfunction and pain. J Prosthet Dent 1971; 26: 387-397.
McNeill Charles : Management of temporomandibular disorders. J Prosthet Dent 1997; 77: 510-22.
Okenson P. Jeffrey : Non surgical management of disc interference disorders. Dent Clin North Am 35: 29-48.
Vaughan Cree, Homer: Temporomandibular joint pain. J Prosthet Dent 1954; 4: 695-708.
Fricton J. Myogenous temporomandibular disorders: Diagnostic and management considerations. Dent Clin North Am. 2007;51:61–83.
Rammelsberg P, LeResche L, Dworkin S, Mancl L. Longitudinal outcome of tem-poromandibular disorders: A 5-year epidemiologic study of muscle disorders defined by research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders. J Orofac Pain. 2003;17:9–20.
Dawson PE. Functional Occlusion: From TMJ to Smile Design. St Louis. MO: Mosby; 2007.
Lundh H, Westesson P-L, Eriksson L, Brooks SL: Temporomandibular joint disc displacement without reduction. Treatment with flat occlusal splint versus no treatment. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 73:655, 1992.
Murphy E, Uyanik J, Sanders B: Evaluation and treatment of temporomandibular disorders: considerations for the general dentist. Alpha Omegan, 93: 47, 2000.
Dworkin SF, Huggins KH, LeResche L, Von Korff M, Howard J, Truelove E, et al. Epidemiology of signs and symptoms in temporomandibular disorders: clinical signs in cases and controls. J Am Dent Assoc. 1990;120:273–81.
Koh H, Robinson PG. Occlusal adjustment for treating and preventing temporomandibular joint disorders. J Oral Rehabil. 2004;31:287–92.
Rutkiewicz T, Kononen M, Suominen-Taipale L, Nord-blad A, Alanen P. Occurrence of clinical signs of temporomandibular disorders in adult Finns. J Orofac Pain. 2006;20:208–17.
Hentschel K, Capobianco DJ, Dodick DW. Facial pain. Neurologist. 2005;11:244–9.
Pertes RA, Gross SG. Functional anatomy and biomechanics of the temporomandibular joint. In: Pertes RA, Gross SG. Clinical Management of Temporomandibular Disorders and Orofacial Pain. Chicago, Ill.: Quintessence Pub, 1995:1–12.
McNamara JA Jr, Seligman DA, Okeson JP. Occlusion, orthodontic treatment, and temporomandibular disorders: a review. J Orofac Pain. 1995;9:73–90.
Shankland WE II. Temporomandibular disorders: standard treatment options. Gen Dent. 2004;52:349–55.
Truelove E, Huggins KH, Mancl L, Dworkin SF. The efficacy of traditional, low-cost and nonsplint therapies for temporomandibular disorder: a randomized controlled trial. J Am Dent Assoc. 2006;137:1099–107.
Wassell RW, Adams N, Kelly PJ. The treatment of temporomandibular disorders with stabilizing splints in general dental practice: one-year follow-up. J Am Dent Assoc. 2006;137:1089–98.