Temporomandibular Joint Disorder Associated With Migraine – Clinical Study
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 3, Issue 3-2, June 2015, Pages: 6-9
Received: Apr. 18, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 20, 2015; Published: Sep. 7, 2015
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Authors
Kaur B, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Ferozepur, Punjab, India
Goyal G, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Ferozepur, Punjab, India
Padda S, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Ferozepur, Punjab, India
Garg S, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Ferozepur, Punjab, India
Kalucha A, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Ferozepur, Punjab, India
Kaur S, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Ferozepur, Punjab, India
Singh B, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Shri Guru Ram Das Dental College, Amritsar, Punjab, India
Kaur K, Consultant Oral Surgeon, Bibi Kahlon Hospital, Amritsar, Punjab, India
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Abstract
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD), using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD) in women with episodic and chronic migraine (M and CM), as well as in asymptomatic women. Method: Sample consisted of 100 women, being 40 with M and 27 with CM, identified from a headache outpatient center; we also investigated 33 women without headaches for at least 3 months (women without headache group — WHG). Assessment of TMD was conducted by a physical therapist who was blind to the headache status. Results: Our sample consisted of 100 women. The mean age was 37.18 years for WHG, 38.16 years for M and 37.83 for CM. TMD was diagnosed in 10 women from the WHG, 33 women with M group and 21 women with CM group. TMD was significantly more prevalent in women with M and CM groups, as compared to WHG (Table 1). As compared with women without headache, women with M and CM were significantly more diagnosed with TMD and also presented higher risk for TMD (Table 1). Diagnoses of group I were the most prevalent in all groups. Mixed diagnoses (I+II and I+II+III) were observed only in individuals with migraine, and were more common in CM than in M group. Diagnoses of groups I+III were observed in the three groups, but were more prevalent in the M group than in the other groups. TMDs from groups II and III were not observed. Conclusion: Women with migraine are more likely to have muscular and articular TMD, suggesting that both disorders might be clinically associated, which demonstrate the importance of physical therapy assessment in the multidisciplinary team.
Keywords
Temporomandibular Disorders, Orofacial Pain, Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation, RDC/TMD
To cite this article
Kaur B, Goyal G, Padda S, Garg S, Kalucha A, Kaur S, Singh B, Kaur K, Temporomandibular Joint Disorder Associated With Migraine – Clinical Study, American Journal of Health Research. Special Issue: Rethinking Temporomandibular Joint in Health and Disease: At Diagnosis and Interventional Level. Vol. 3, No. 3-2, 2015, pp. 6-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.s.2015030302.12
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