Assessment of Communication on Sexual and Reproductive Health Issues among Mizan Secondary and Preparatory School Students with Parents, Mizan Town, Ethiopia, 2016
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 131-140
Received: May 24, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 15, 2017; Published: Sep. 7, 2017
Views 2330      Downloads 213
Sisay Shewasinad, Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia
Zewditu Alelign, Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia
Kiros Yeshitla, Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia
Gemechu Bunga, Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia
Sophonias Negash, Amref Health Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Sexual and reproductive health is at the base of people's living and wellbeing, the ability to develop in a supportive environment and grow into sexually responsive and responsible adults, the ability to enjoy one's sexuality without harming or damaging oneself or one's partner, are among the unique attributes that define us as human. Many of the typical changes that occur during adolescence tend to interfere with the effectiveness and amount of interaction between parent and child. The objective of the study is to assess communication on sexual and reproductive health issues among Mizan secondary and preparatory school students with parents. Institution based cross sectional quantitative study design was conducted among Mizan secondary and preparatory school students with sample size of 356 and total population of 3436 from April, 20/4/2016 to April, 25/4/2016. The data was collected by using structured self-administered questionnaires. After the data was collected it was processed and analyzed manually by the help scientific calculator. The response rate was 100%. From the total of three hundred fifty six respondents 196(55.1%) of them were females. One hundred three 103(28.9%) of respondents were discussed at least one SRH issue with parents for the last 12 month of the study period, from those 58(56.3%) of them were females and 45(43.7%) of them were males. but majority 253(71.1%) of them didn’t discussed about SRH issues with their parents. This study shows that student-parent communication on SRH issues is low, only less than one- third of the students were communication SRH. The risk for SRH problems need urgent and continues intervention as such it is necessary to equip and educate parents and students on different sexual and reproductive health issues. Therefore; there should be give school base sex education about SRH and youth friendly health service for youth and adolescents at different level of health care.
Reproductive Health, Sexuality, Communication
To cite this article
Sisay Shewasinad, Zewditu Alelign, Kiros Yeshitla, Gemechu Bunga, Sophonias Negash, Assessment of Communication on Sexual and Reproductive Health Issues among Mizan Secondary and Preparatory School Students with Parents, Mizan Town, Ethiopia, 2016, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 131-140. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20170505.13
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Organization WH. Research on reproductive health at WHO: Biennial report 2000-2001: Health Organization; 2002.
Gherardi P. Clinical Aspects of Child and Adolescent Development: An Introductory Synthesis of Developmental Concepts and Clinical Experience. 1992.
Bearinger LH, Sieving RE, Ferguson J, Sharma V. Global perspectives on the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents: patterns, prevention, and potential. The lancet. 2007; 369(9568):1220-31.
Hagmann T. Talking Peace in the Ogaden: The search for an end to conflict in the Somali Regional State in Ethiopia: Rift Valley Institute; 2014.
Usha R. Krishna and Vinita Salvi. Adolescent and pediatric gynecological problems. Obstetrics and Gynaecology for postgraduates.2:293-301.
Macintyre K, Rutenberg N, Brown L, Karim A. Understanding perceptions of HIV risk among adolescents in KwaZulu-Natal. AIDS and Behavior. 2004; 8(3):237-50.
Rivers K, Aggleton P. Adolescent sexuality, gender and the HIV epidemic: HIV and Development Programme; 1999.
Askew I, Berer M. The contribution of sexual and reproductive health services to the fight against HIV/AIDS: a review. Reproductive health matters. 2003; 11(22):51-73.
Kiragu K, Obwaka E, Odallo D, Van Hulzen C. Communicating about sex: adolescents and parents in Kenya. AIDS/STD health promotion exchange. 1996 (3):11.
Dailard C. Sex education: politicians parents teachers and teens. Guttmacher Report on Public Policy. 2001:9-12.
Holtzman D, Rubinson R. Parent and peer communication effects on AIDS-related behavior among US high school students. Family planning perspectives. 1995:235-68.
Fine M, McClelland S. Sexuality education and desire: Still missing after all these years. Harvard Educational Review. 2006; 76(3):297-338.
Eaton DK, Kann L, Kinchen S, Shanklin S, Flint KH, Hawkins J, et al. Youth risk behavior surveillance-United States, 2011. Morbidity and mortality weekly report Surveillance summaries (Washington, DC: 2002). 2012; 61(4):1-162.
Schachter J, Stamm W. Chlamydia trachomatis. International Perspectives on Neglected STDs (eds KK Holmes and P Mardh) McGraw Hill, New York. 1983:7-35.
Ngom P, Magadi MA, Owuor T. Parental presence and adolescent reproductive health among the Nairobi urban poor. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2003; 33(5):369-77.
Hancock T. The evolution, impact and significance of the health cities/healthy communities movement. Journal of public health policy. 1993; 14(1):5-18.
Ababa A. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ministry of Health. 2003.
Kirby D, Miller BC. Interventions designed to promote parent‐teen communication about sexuality. New directions for child and adolescent development. 2002; 2002(97):93-110.
Solomon Z. Assessment of Adolescent Parent Communication Concerning Sexual and Reproductive Health Issues among Ayer Tena Preparatory School Students: AAU; 2014.
Tesso DW, Fantahun MA, Enquselassie F. Parent-young people communication about sexual and reproductive health in E/Wollega zone, West Ethiopia: Implications for interventions. Reproductive health. 2012; 9(1):13.
Miller KS, Whitaker DJ. Predictors of mother–adolescent discussions about condoms: Implications for providers who serve youth. Pediatrics. 2001; 108(2): e28-e.
Romero dCGR, Lora CM, Cañete ER. Adolescents and sources of sex information: preferences and perceived usefulness. Atencion primaria/Sociedad Espanola de Medicina de Familiar Comunitaria. 2001; 27(1):12-7.
Hofferth SL, Kahn JR, Baldwin W. Premarital sexual activity among US teenage women over the past three decades. Family Planning Perspectives. 1987; 19(2):46-53.
Pick S, Palos PA. Impact of the family on the sex lives of adolescents. Adolescence. 1995; 30(119):667.
Somers CL, Paulson SE. Students' perceptions of parent–adolescent closeness and communication about sexuality: relations with sexual knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Journal of adolescence. 2000; 23(5):629-44.
Lacson RS, Theocharis TR, Strack R, Sy FS, Vincent ML, Osteria TS, et al. Correlates of sexual abstinence among urban university students in the Philippines. International Family Planning Perspectives. 1997:168-72.
Damalie N. Communication between mothers and their adolescent daughters on the subject of sexuality and HIV/AIDS in Uganda: Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa; 2001.
Zaw PPT, Liabsuetrakul T, Htay TT, McNeil E. Equity of access to reproductive health services among youths in resource-limited suburban communities of Mandalay City, Myanmar. BMC health services research. 2012; 12(1):458.
Kim YM, Kols A, Nyakauru R, Marangwanda C, Chibatamoto P. Promoting sexual responsibility among young people in Zimbabwe. International family planning perspectives. 2001:11-9.
Adu-Mireku S. Family communication about HIV/AIDS and sexual behaviour among senior secondary school students in Accra, Ghana. African Health Sciences. 2003; 3(1):7-14.
Versnel M, Berhane Y, Wendte JF. Sexuality and contraception among never married high school students in Butajira, Ethiopia. Ethiopian medical journal. 2002; 40(1):41-51.
Shiferaw K, Getahun F, Asres G. Assessment of adolescents’ communication on sexual and reproductive health matters with parents and associated factors among secondary and preparatory schools’ students in Debremarkos town, North West Ethiopia. Reproductive health. 2014; 11(1):2.
Gezahegn T, Birhanu Z, Aman M, Dessalegn M, Abera A, Nyagero J. Peer communication on sex and sexual health among youths: a case of Debre Berhan university, Ethiopia. Pan African Medical Journal. 2016 (ARTISSUE).
Yadeta TA, Bedane HK, Tura AK. Factors affecting parent-adolescent discussion on reproductive health issues in Harar, Eastern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. Journal of environmental and public health. 2014; 2014.
Taffa N, Haimanot R, Desalegn S, Tesfaye A, Mohammed K. Do parents and young people communicate on sexual matters? The situation of family life education (FLE) in a rural town in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development. 1999; 13(3):205-10.
Ayalew M, Mengistie B, Semahegn A. Adolescent-parent communication on sexual and reproductive health issues among high school students in Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. Reproductive health. 2014; 11(1):77.
Gelibo T, Belachew T, Tilahun T. Predictors of sexual abstinence among Wolaita Sodo university students, South Ethiopia. Reproductive health. 2013; 10(1):18.
Melaku YA, Berhane Y, Kinsman J, Reda HL. Sexual and reproductive health communication and awareness of contraceptive methods among secondary school female students, northern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2014; 14(1):252.
Mahteme H. Assessments of HIV/AIDS related knowledge among window of hope population in Kombolcha town, South Wello Zone, Amhara Regional State: AAU, 2005; 2016.
Ojo O, Aransiola J, Fatusi A, Akintomide A, editors. Pattern and socio-demographic correlates of parent-child communication on sexual and reproductive health issues in southwest Nigeria: a mixed method study. The African Symposium; 2011.
Garoma S. Assessment of the levels of communication between youth, parents, peers and teachers about reproductive health issues and HIV/AIDS in Nekemte Town, West Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development. 2012; 26(2):86-92.
Yohannes Z, Girma Y, Hussien S, Fekad B. Factors Associated with Parent-Adolescent Communication on Sexual and Reproductive Health Issues Among Secondary and Preparatory School Students in Mekelle City, North Ethiopia.
Ayehu A, Kassaw T, Hailu G. Young people’s parental discussion about sexual and reproductive health issues and its associated factors in Awabel woreda, Northwest Ethiopia. Reproductive health. 2016; 13(1):19.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186