Mobile Mammography Unit Utilization: Perceptions and Interests Among African American Women
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 193-197
Received: Nov. 5, 2017; Accepted: Nov. 21, 2017; Published: Dec. 25, 2017
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Marla B. Hall, Department of Public Health, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA
Jeffrey J. Guidry, Department of Health and Kinesiology, College of Education and Human Development, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA
Lovell A. Jones, Department of Biology, Marvin D. and June Samuel Brailsford College of Arts and Sciences, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, Texas, USA
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Among women globally, breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy and the leading cause of cancer mortality. Moreover, for racial/ethnic minorities and those of low socioeconomic status (SES), these groups experience a poorer quality of life and diminished survival. This is due, in part, to underutilization of mammography screening and a lack of adherence to subsequent follow-up guidelines. The purpose of this study is to gain insight on perceptions of and interest in mobile mammography unit (MMU) utilization among African American (AA) women, primarily of low SES; as well as obtain strategies for effective information dissemination. Researchers partnered with local grocery stores, community centers, churches, shopping centers and hair salons to act as recruitment sites. Each establishment was within a 10 mile radius of the multi-service center being used to conduct the focus groups. Participant eligibility included: (a) the individual must be female, (b) between 35 and 65 years of age, (c) a current resident of Harris County, Texas, (d) self-identified as AA and (e) had no previous cancer history. Sixty-one AA women participated across six focus groups. The focus groups revealed that participants perceived the availability of MMUs as an effective strategy to increase guideline adherence. In addition, all participants stated MMUs would be of interest to women in their communities. Various suggestions to strengthen engagement were conveyed by participants as well. Specifically, offering services during non-traditional hours and in highly accessible locations; and partnering with community venues and incorporating principles of social support were conveyed.
African Americans, Breast Cancer, Mobile Mammography, Cancer Prevention
To cite this article
Marla B. Hall, Jeffrey J. Guidry, Lovell A. Jones, Mobile Mammography Unit Utilization: Perceptions and Interests Among African American Women, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 193-197. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20170506.15
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