Preliminary Inventory of Squirrels (Sciuridae, Rodentia) of Kisangani Region in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
American Journal of Zoology
Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2018, Pages: 15-19
Received: May 3, 2018; Accepted: Jun. 1, 2018; Published: Jul. 3, 2018
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Authors
Pascal Baelo, Biodiversity Surveillance Centre, University of Kisangani, Kisangani City, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Justin Asimonyio, Biodiversity Surveillance Centre, University of Kisangani, Kisangani City, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Nicaise Amundala, Faculty of Science, University of Kisangani, Kisangani City, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Dudu Akaibe, Biodiversity Surveillance Centre, University of Kisangani, Kisangani City, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Faculty of Science, University of Kisangani, Kisangani City, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Sylvestre Gambalemoke, Biodiversity Surveillance Centre, University of Kisangani, Kisangani City, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Faculty of Science, University of Kisangani, Kisangani City, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Erik Verheyen, Royal Institute of Natural Science of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium
Anne Laudisoit, Royal Institute of Natural Science of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium; Group of Evolutive Biology, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium; Institute of Integrative Biology, School of Biological Sciences, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Gédéon Bongo, Department of Biology, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa City, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Department of Biology, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa City, Democratic Republic of the Congo
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Abstract
Amongst small mammals, rodents are the largest order in terms of both species and population numbers. They have a high rate of reproduction, are cosmopolitan and have the ability to adapt to a wide variety of habitats. Several studies were carried out on myomorphic rodents in the Kisangani ecoregion, while those on sciuromorphic rodents are very scarce. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the composition of the sciuromorph rodent population in the Kisangani ecoregion. This investigation was conducted in five stations of Kisangani and the sampling was performed between April 2014 and December 2016. The external morphometry method was used for species identification according to Kingdon and Schouteden. Using traditional traps, the trapping was done randomly and 75 specimens of squirrels were captured knowing that 75 traps were installed in each station. In total, the capture success was of 27750 night traps with a weak yield of 0.27%. The findings revealed that the highest rate of species was recorded in the Masako station with a capture success of 1.89% while the lowest in the Mombongo station with a capture success of 0.38%. The 75 specimens of squirrels captured belong to 4 genera and 7 species Masako and Yasikia stations presented a high specific richness (SR = 4) than other stations. Funisciurus anerythrus, Heliosciurus rufobrachium, Paraxerus boehmi are constant (C> 50%) and Funisciurus pyrropus, Protoxerus stangeri, Funisciurus bayonii, Funisciurus congicus are accessory taxa (25% F. bayonii and F. congicus.
Keywords
Africa’s Squirrels, Inventory, Traditional Trapping, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
To cite this article
Pascal Baelo, Justin Asimonyio, Nicaise Amundala, Dudu Akaibe, Sylvestre Gambalemoke, Erik Verheyen, Anne Laudisoit, Gédéon Bongo, Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Preliminary Inventory of Squirrels (Sciuridae, Rodentia) of Kisangani Region in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, American Journal of Zoology. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2018, pp. 15-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ajz.20180101.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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