Invertebrate (Araenae: Mygamolomorphae) Illegal Trade: An Ignored Side of Wildlife Trafficking
American Journal of Zoology
Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2018, Pages: 20-23
Received: May 10, 2018; Accepted: Jun. 8, 2018; Published: Jul. 30, 2018
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Authors
Ana Teresa Meireles Caldas, Department of Biological Sciences, Catholic University of Salvador, Bahia, Brasil
Marcelo Alves Dias, Department of Biological Sciences, Catholic University of Salvador, Bahia, Brasil
Marcelo Peres, Department of Biological Sciences, Catholic University of Salvador, Bahia, Brasil
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Abstract
Wildlife trafficking is in the top five of the most successful illegal activities now a days and one of the main responsible for biodiversity lost around the world. According to researches there are four categories that encourage wildlife market: animals to zoos and private collectors, for scientific purposes/ biopiracy, for pet shops and animals as products and subproducts. Although the very low focus on invertebrate trades, more specifically in spiders, they are a big source of money in biopiracy and sales to private collectors. Therefore, the purpose of this work it was registered a trafficking case of a recent described specie of tarantula in northeast region of Bahia, Brazil as well as the impacts of it on lost and knowledge of local biodiversity. Also brings the occurrence of a possible disease still without diagnosis or specific causes in one of the individuals of this apprehension. Fifty-two specimens of Pachistopelma bromelicola were seized by IBAMA being transported inside matchboxes in precarious conditions to be sold in Slovakia, Europe. After the apprehension, the samples were taken to the Animal Ecology and Conservation Centre (ECOA) in Catholic University of Salvador where they were kept in environmental enrichment places close to natural conditions being monitored daily considering specially behavior and health. Even though the good conditions provided only 13% of the samples survived, despite seem a low number, this was a high value if compares with IBAMA’s index of apprehended animal’s survival. Despite the substantial biodiversity in Brazil, the continuous withdrawal of wild animals added to the impossibility of returning the rescued animals to the natural environment can cause in a few years a huge ecological, economic and social damage in the country, also bringing irreparable consequences for local fauna.
Keywords
Biopiracy, Tarantulas, Pachistopelma bromelicola, Diseases, Tumor
To cite this article
Ana Teresa Meireles Caldas, Marcelo Alves Dias, Marcelo Peres, Invertebrate (Araenae: Mygamolomorphae) Illegal Trade: An Ignored Side of Wildlife Trafficking, American Journal of Zoology. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2018, pp. 20-23. doi: 10.11648/j.ajz.20180101.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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