Insecticidal Effects of Cattle Urine and Indigenous Plant Extracts Against Sugarcane Mealybugs
American Journal of Zoology
Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2018, Pages: 35-39
Received: Dec. 3, 2018;
Accepted: Dec. 26, 2018;
Published: Jan. 22, 2019
Views 350 Downloads 31
Md Nur Alam Miah, Planning & Development Division, Bangladesh Sugarcrop Research Institute, Pabna, Bangladesh
Md Ramiz Uddin Miah, Department of Entomology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md Mofazzal Hossain, Department of Horticulture, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md Enamul Haque, Department of Agricultural Extension & Rural Development, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Laboratory investigation was carried out to evaluate the repellency and toxicity effect of fermented cattle urine, neem seed kernel, mahagoni seed and allamanda leaves extract @ 5, 10 and 15 percent concentration against mealybugs of sugarcane. All the extracts had repellent and toxic effect against mealybugs of sugarcane. The repellency effect of fermented cattle urine @ 15% was more (67.80%) than others. On the other hand, the mortality percentage of mealybugs was highest (68.66%) due to toxic effect of mahagoni seed extract @ 15% at 72 hours after treatment (HAT) than others in the same concentration and time. The repellency and mortality rate increased proportionately with the concentration and time. The LC50 values indicated that allamanda leaves extract (0.66%) at 24 HAT, fermented cattle urine (0.25%) at 48 HAT and mahagoni seed extract (0.07%) at 72 HAT were the most toxic. Comparing the three probit regression equations lines, the highest probit mortality was found with fermented cattle urine at 24, 48 and mahagoni seed extracts at 72 HAT.
Md Nur Alam Miah,
Md Ramiz Uddin Miah,
Md Mofazzal Hossain,
Md Enamul Haque,
Insecticidal Effects of Cattle Urine and Indigenous Plant Extracts Against Sugarcane Mealybugs, American Journal of Zoology.
Vol. 1, No. 2,
2018, pp. 35-39.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.Year Book of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Government of Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh, 2010, 127.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Planning Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh, 2008, 125-545.
Alam, M. A., M. Abdullah and Rahman, A. B. M. M. Akher Prodhan Khotikarak Pokamakar o Protikar (in Bangla). Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute, Ishurdi, Pabna, 2003, 4-8.
Biswas, M. M., M. Abdullah, M. A. Alam, M. Begum, M. A. Rahman and Siddiquee, M. N. A. Bangladeshe Ikkhur Pokamakar Parichiti o Daman Babostapana (in Bangla). Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute, Ishurdi, Pabna, 2007, 50-53.
Saxena, J. D., S. K. Banerjee and Sinha, S. R. (1992). Pyrethroids resistance in field population of pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella Sauders in India. Indian J. Entomology, 54(3):347-350.
Armes, N. J., D. R. Jadhav, G. S. Bond and King, A. B. S. (1992). Insecticide resistance in the pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera in South India.Pestic.Sci.,34 :355-364.
Plant Protection Wing. List of Registered Agricultural & Public Health Pesticides in Bangladesh. Department of Agricultural Extension, Dhaka, 2011,123.
Mehta, P. K., A. K. Sood, S. Parmer and Kashyap, N. P. (2002). Antifeedant activity of some plants of North-western Himalayas against cabbage caterpillar, Pieris brassicae (L.). J. Ent. Res.,26(1): 51-54.
David, H. and V. Nandagopal, Pests of sugarcane: Distribution symptomology attack and identification. In: Sugarcane Entomology in India (Eds.), 1986, pp. 1-29.
M. A. Karim, Management of insect pests of vegetables. Proc. Workshop, AVRDC, BARC, Dhaka,1995, pp. 56-59.
Talukder, F. A. and Howse, P. E. (1994a). Laboratory evaluation of toxic and repellent properties of the pithraj tree, A. polystachya Wall and Parker, against S. oryzae L. Int. J. Pest Manage., 41(3), 274-279.
Talukder, F. A. and Howse, P. E. (1994b). Repellent, toxic and food protectant effects of Pithraj, A. polystachya (Meliaceae) against pulse beetle, C. chinensis L. in storage. J. Chem. Ecol.,20(4), 899-908.
McDonald, L. L., Guy, R. H. and R. D. Speris, Preliminary evaluation of new materials as toxicants, repellents and attractants against stored product insects. Marketing Research Report No. 882. Agric. Res. Service., U. S. D. A. Washington D. C., 1970, 8.
Talukder, F. A. and Howse, P. E. (1995). Evaluation of A. polystachya as repellent, antifeedants, toxicants and protectants in storage against T. castaneum (Herbst).J. stored Prod. Res., 31(1), 55-61.
Abbott, W. S. (1925). A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. J. Amer. Mosq. Control Assoc., 3(2), 302-303.
D. J. Finney, Statistical method in biological assay (2nded). Griffin, London, 19971, 668.
M. N. Uddin, Bioecology and management of two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari:Tetranychidae) infesting country bean. Ph.D. Dissertation. Dept. Ent. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, 2014, 72.
Parvin, S., Zeng,X. N. and Islam, M. T. (2012). Bioactivity of Indonesian mahogany, Toonasureni (Blume) (Meliaceae), against the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera,Tenebrionidae). Revista Brasileria de Entomologia,56(3), 354-358.