Avian Influenza Risk Perception and Preventive Practice Among Poultry Workers in Jos: A Cross Sectional Study
American Journal of Zoology
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 6-10
Received: Dec. 4, 2018; Accepted: Feb. 20, 2019; Published: Mar. 11, 2019
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Vem Tabitha Silas, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Anejo-Okopi Joseph, Department of Microbiology, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Dabak D. Jonathan, Department of Biochemistry, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Ugwu B. KIngsley, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Bigwan Emmanuel Isa, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Kopkuk Ezra Dasun, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Essien Cosmas Uyeime, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Tyem Dinchi, Department of Biotechnology Laboratory, Nigeria Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria
Davou Aaron Gyang, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Nimzing Lohya, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria; Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
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Highly pathogenic Avian Influenza virus (HPAI) H5N1 commonly called Bird Flu, is a highly infectious viral disease of birds including domestic poultry, and first infected humans in China 1997. Since its widespread and re-emergence in 2003 and 2004, the avian virus has become a global public health threat. The H5N1 is known to be very infectious and has caused death of millions of chickens and other birds around the world with high economic loss. The prevention and control of this virus depend on the awareness and protective practices of the poultry workers as well as the general population. This study aims to assess risk factors related to Avian influenza virus infection among poultry workers in Plateau State, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was administered to 200 poultry workers age 14 to 63.The results showed that more females (52%) participated in poultry farming than males (48%), and younger population ages 14-23 years (33%) participated more than the older population ages 54-63 years (7%). Also, occupationally hired poultry workers (53%) were more compared to farm owners (18%) with other workers (health workers, cullers, scavengers) (29%). Knowledge about protective measures was high in relation to wearing of coverall (44.5%), hand gloves (20.5%) and boots (17%). Those in contact with the dead birds were more (43%) than those in contact with the carcass (29%) and sick birds (28%). The number of subject that answered yes to risk perception were 66.0%, and those who said no was 34%, the female perception was higher (73%). The study showed that there is moderate preventive practices and awareness about avian influenza virus infection among the poultry workers. Preventive practices might play an effective role in reducing or slowing transmission of influenza. This calls for proper training of poultry workers about avian influenza virus to improve preventive practices that will curb the spread, reduce risk of infection and economic loss.
Avian Influenza Virus, Risk Perception, Prevention, Poultry Workers
To cite this article
Vem Tabitha Silas, Anejo-Okopi Joseph, Dabak D. Jonathan, Ugwu B. KIngsley, Bigwan Emmanuel Isa, Kopkuk Ezra Dasun, Essien Cosmas Uyeime, Tyem Dinchi, Davou Aaron Gyang, Nimzing Lohya, Avian Influenza Risk Perception and Preventive Practice Among Poultry Workers in Jos: A Cross Sectional Study, American Journal of Zoology. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2019, pp. 6-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ajz.20190201.12
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