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Impact of Road Traffic Car Accident in Ethiopia using statistical tools
To know the magnitude of car accident and to predict the impact of car accidents on health and economic development in Ethiopia and to take the measurements to reduce the crash of car accidents by using statistical tools such as chi-square test, variance of analysis, design of factorial experiment and the like.
By Belachew Melese
Dec. 16, 2015

Road traffic crashes pose a significant burden in Ethiopia, as is the case for other developing countries.To know the magnitude of car accident and to predict the impact of car accidents on health and economic development in Ethiopia and to take the measurements to reduce the crashof car accidents by using statistical tools such as chi-square test, variance of analysis, design of factorial experiment and the like.

In a recent paper by authorsMr. Belachew Melese and Mr. Zeleke Dutamo, attempted to describe the main causes, consequences and the intervention of road traffic car accidents in Ethiopia by using analysis of varianceand design of factorial experimentsmethods. Road traffic crash is a major public health problem which contributes significantly to the morbidity and mortality rate in Ethiopia.

“Road traffic car accidents analyzed by Analysis of Variance and design of factorial experiment can initiate the researcher for further study on car accident by using the advanced statistical model which is more complexes in order to estimate the magnitude and consequences of such data”, Melese and Dutamo said.

In the paper, Melese and Dutamo show the application of analysis of variance and design of factorial experiments model on car accidents by indicating the car accidents increased in Ethiopia from time to time mainly due to human factor fault and speeding of drivers. So the road traffic accidents in Ethiopia are pressing problems with health and economic development ramifications. Therefore, Urgent preventive measures with a target to reduce the occurrence of road traffic crashes are necessary to reduce the morbidity and mortality resulting from these injuries.

Melese and Dutamo suggest that “Ethiopia Police Commission and the Trade and Transport Bureau should work in concert and in a cooperative way to monitor and enforce traffic regulations in order to improve thequalification of drivers.”

Road traffic injuries are the major public health and development challenges that will worsen if effective steps are not taken to curb it. Road traffic crashes affect not only the health of individuals but also their family members, as it can drive households into poverty when they struggle to cope with the long term consequences of the events, including the costs of medical care, rehabilitation and loss of family’s breadwinners. So this will inviteableto more rapid lead improvement by doing different study in Ethiopia to reduce the crash due to car accident by using advanced statistical tools which are used for analysis based on the present and the past information of such problem.

Authors:
Mr. Belachew Melese, Lecture, Department of Statistics, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia
Mr. Zeleke Dutamo, Lecturer, Department of Nursing, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia
A paper about the studyappeared recently on car accidents.

Paper link:
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=149&doi=10.11648/j.sjams.20150306.14

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