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To assess the relationship of floor aerobics exercise and hematological parameters of people living with HIV/AIDS and to promote the health status of people living with HIV/AIDS via current scientific research recommendations.
Results from various Meta analyses suggest that constant or interval aerobic exercise at 60–80% of maximum HR, or a combination of aerobic exercise and progressive resistance exercise for at least 20 minutes, three times a week for a minimum period of four weeks is beneficial and appears to be safe for adults living with HIV/ AIDS. Many observations have shown that blood composition changes as a result of exercise. However, debates on the effects of exercise on hematological parameters still continue. While some studies indicate an increase in hematological parameters after intensive training exercise, some other studies show that hematological parameters after exercise did not change significantly, especially in trained athletes. Since most studies on the effects of physical activity on blood serum parameters have yielded conflicting results and little research is available about the effects of resistance training on hematological parameters, the question raises that how circuit resistance trainings affect hematological parameters.
A recent study conducted by Mr. Yenehun Taye has investigated the intervention of floor aerobics exercise on hematology characteristics of people living with HIV /AIDS at Dire Dawa ,Ethiopia. Based on the inclusion and exclusion criterion among ART users from “Yetessfa bisrat miskir Association”, 52 study participants were selected with the use of their full willingness for the study purpose and recruited until the required sample size reached. And then the floor aerobics exercise training program was held at Medhanialem Primary & Secondary School training hall and the laboratory was conducted at Dill-Chora referral hospital, Dire-Dawa City Administration, Eastern Ethiopia.
The exercise training delivered three times per week in alternate days (Monday, Wednesday and Friday) for a consecutive three months with one hour sessions from 5:45 PM-6:45 PM. The blood samples were taken four times within three months, finally hematological analysis was done on the same day.
Picture 1: Study participants with blood samples collection
In the paper, Yenehun showed that moderate intensity floor aerobic exercise training implemented by trained professional is both safe and effective in HIV-infected persons. Finally this finding occluded that increasing duration, frequency, intensity and modality of floor aerobics exercise have beneficial effects on hematological parameters of people living with HIV/AIDS individuals and also have effects on hematological parameters difference between males and females HIV infected individuals due to sex based hormonal difference.
Yenehun Taye, Department of Sport Science, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Dire Dawa University,Dire Dawa, Ethiopia