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Earth as a main building material in an ancient mud brick houses, when in contact with water, especially rain water, exposed to weakens, washing and erosion. The study attempted to find “unprecedented solutions” in the protection of ancient mud brick houses from rainwater effect, without change in shape, properties and components of earthen architecture.
In this paper, the authors stressed the importance of the earthen architecture worldwide, especially in the Egyptian oasis, Which needs supports the field of earthen architecture conservation, through international organization for conservation of cultural heritage.
The authors of this paper Succeeded in preparing a homogenous mixture of mud mortar, not affected by water in any way, without any change in the physical and chemical properties of mud mortar and its mineral components, without the use of traditional materials such as lime, cement and bitumen. That changes the shape, components and the properties of earthen architecture. This can be utilized as evidence in the Waterproofing mud-brick buildings in Egypt and the earthen architecture worldwide, in accordance with the priorities identified in each building without any changes in properties or color.
Modern technology applications in the production of modern building materials was used to in this study. In addition, using scanning electron microscope (SEM-EDAX) to study the results of the treated samples. Also, the authors used a scientific methods in the restoration of the architectural elements of an ancient mud brick houses in Egyptian oasis as a model of earthen architecture.
In a recent paper by authors Yasser & Mahmoud, an invitation to produce mud bricks anti-water, used in modern houses, enjoy with the advantages of mud brick houses in terms of the lack of financial cost and low temperature in the inner perimeter of the house.
Yasser Sayed Ali, Head Restoration for Islamic and Coptic Antiquities, Ministry of Antiquities, Dakhla oasis , EgyptMahmoud Mohamed Massoud, Islamic and Coptic Antiquities, Ministry of Antiquities, Dakhla Oasis, Egypt
A paper about the study appeared recently in International Journal of Archaeology