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The Quest of Road and Bridge Development in Benin Republic: Analysis and Prospects
Recent changes in Benin Republic have led to a rapid, continuous increase in traffic volumes on both urban and rural roads areas. Consequently, the need for renovating old roads and bridge (R-B) and constructing new one has increased. Several highway bridges have been constructed for different purposes, such as: (i) crossing the River Nokoue and Fifadji, (ii) crossing important highway intersections, (iii) solving the urban traffic problems by constructing elevated roads over the existing roadways, and (iv) replacing obsolete bridges. Take a look at the following pictures.
By Dossa Didier Boko-haya , Yadong Li , Changrong Yao, Saizhi Liu and Qiqi Xiang
Feb. 25, 2017

Recent changes in Benin Republic have led to a rapid, continuous increase in traffic volumes on both urban and rural roads areas. Consequently, the need for renovating old roads and bridge (R-B) and constructing new one has increased. Several highway bridges have been constructed for different purposes, such as: (i) crossing the River Nokoue and Fifadji, (ii) crossing important highway intersections, (iii) solving the urban traffic problems by constructing elevated roads over the existing roadways, and (iv) replacing obsolete bridges. Take a look at the following pictures.

Figure 1. Some new constructed bridges at Cotonou, Benin Republic

In a recent paper by authors Boko-haya et al, who have analyzed the R-B infrastructure agreeable priority issues, by diagnosing the current problems of development and the perspectives. Historical and descriptive approaches were employed and complemented by surveys designed to examine the R-B development in the different regions areas. Further, the study explored the inequitable distribution of R-B which has resulted in the disparities in development. R-B are the lifeline of a country and are basic infrastructure for economic, trade, industrial and socio-cultural development and settlements is considered in the context of construction of new Benin’ known as “Benin 2025 Alafia”. The paper concluded with a range of best recommendations and proposals formulated in aim to respond efficiently to the R-B problems in the study area.

These major initiatives to improve road infrastructure access in the country. However, the pace of progress in R-B development varies from one region to another and its infrastructure insufficiency persists.

Ensuring R-B infrastructure progress for Beninese, rapidly expanding and increasingly mobile populations remains a considerable challenge in the whole country area.

In the paper, the authors showed that despite the road network progress, only 30% of the classified national road network is in good condition and its condition and development vary from one region to another. Taking the different region areas, the study clearly showed that there are disparities in the levels of development and the proportion related. The reason behind the disparities is that there is no uniform R-B development in the different region areas which has a significant effect on the overall development in the whole country.、

They concluded that the situation is still redeemable and suggested that managing R-B infrastructure becomes imperative including the need for adequate provision of national transportation and other infrastructural facilities to improve the level of development in these areas. Further a need will also exist for urban interchanges and pedestrian bridges, due to the continuous increase of traffic loads, not only in Cotonou area but also in the other major cities.

There is need for successive government to uphold policies formulated by their predecessors to ensure that the aim is achieved rather than formulating new policies without achieving its aim. Similarly, Governmental monopoly in R-B infrastructure development calls for a reassessment at the very least.

Authors:

Dossa Didier Boko-haya*,Yadong Li, Changrong Yao, Saizhi Liu1, Qiqi Xiang

Dossa Didier Boko-haya, Qiqi Xiang and Saizhi Liu,Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Bridge Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China

Yadong Li, Full Professor, Director, Department of Bridge Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China

Changrong Yao,Associate Professor, Department of Bridge Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China

Paper link:
http://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/html/10.11648.j.ajce.20170501.12.html

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