Overview of Pre-Harvest Factors Influencing Mango Fruit Growth, Quality and Post Harvest Behavior
Lead Guest Editor:
Taye Buke Ashango
Departiment of Horticulture, Wolaita Sodo University,
Wolaita Sodo, SNPPR, Ethiopia
Mango, a tropical fruit of great economic importance, is generally harvested green and then commercialized after a period of storage. Unfortunately, the final quality of mango batches is highly heterogeneous, in fruit size as well as in gustatory quality and postharvest behavior. A large amount of knowledge has been gathered on the effects of the maturity stage at harvest and postharvest conditions on the final quality of mango. Considerably less attention has been paid to the influence of environmental factors on mango growth, quality traits, and postharvest behavior. In this paper, I provide a review of studies on mango showing how environmental factors influence the accumulation of water, structural and non-structural dry matter in the fruit during its development. These changes are discussed with respect to the evolution of quality attributes on the tree and after harvest. The pre harvest factors presented here are light, temperature, carbon and water availabilities, which can be controlled by various cultural practices such as tree pruning, fruit thinning and irrigation management. We also discuss recent advances in modeling mango function on the tree according to environmental conditions that, combined with experimental studies, can improve our understanding of how these pre harvest conditions affect mango growth and quality.