Animal cells, are eukaryotic cells generally, or are cells of membrane-bound nucleus. It different from the prokaryotic cells, DNA in animal cells is housed within the nucleus. In addition, animal cells having a nucleus, also contain other organelles or tiny cellular structures, that carry out specific functions necessary for normal cellular operation. In fact, plant cells have a similar structure to the animal cells, which are eukaryotic cells contains different organelles, such as cell wall, vacuole, and plastids. Whatever, whether it is animal cells or plant cells, they have widely application for foundational research, such as cellular and molecular biology, vaccines development, nanomaterial therapy, gene therapy, cancer therapy, and others.
Cells maintain the dynamic balance by constantly adjust to internal and external changes in animal orangs or orang systems. Under physiologic condition, these set up a negative feedback relationship to remain stable status. If these homeostatic mechanisms once broken causes disadvantageous responses, such as inflammatory, immunization, autophagy, and apoptosis, etc. In recent years, vaccines prevention work has a major breakthrough to reduce risk of infectious diseases by working with the body’s natural defenses. In actual production, it takes many approaches to developing vaccines based on information about what kind of infectious disease, including how germs infect cells and how the immune system responds to it. Moreover, nanomaterials obtain extensive development in various medical and industrial fields, such as nanoparticles have been applied in the neurological field for tracking and treating nervous system diseases.
In short, the aim of this special project is to provide basic and cutting-edge scientific evidence for relevant fields in the basic research of cell biology for different applications.