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Volume 4, Issue 5-1
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Home / Journals / Advances in Materials / New Methods of Extraction and Characterization of Plant Fibers
New Methods of Extraction and Characterization of Plant Fibers
Lead Guest Editor:
Asma El Oudiani
Laboratory of Textile Engineering, University of Monastir, Ksar Hellal, Monastir, Tunisia
Guest Editors
Slah Msahli
Laboratory of Textile Engineering, High Institute of Technological Studies of Ksar Hellal
Monastir, Tunisia
Paper List
1
Authors: Sayaka Ikeno, Kiyotaka Obunai, Tadao Fukuta, Koichi Ozaki
Pages: 1-6 Published Online: Jun. 9, 2015
Views 4414 Downloads 99
2
Authors: Imene Derrouiche, Imed Ben Marzoug, Faouzi Sakli, Sadok Roudesli
Pages: 7-14 Published Online: Jun. 9, 2015
Views 4250 Downloads 145
3
Authors: Asma El Oudiani, Slah Msahli, Faouzi Sakli, Jean Yves Drean
Pages: 15-29 Published Online: Jun. 9, 2015
Views 4002 Downloads 101
4
Authors: Asma El Oudiani, Slah Msahli, Faouzi Sakli, Jean Yves Drean
Pages: 30-39 Published Online: Jun. 9, 2015
Views 3604 Downloads 57
Introduction
During the last few decades, natural plant fibers reach the interest of many research works all over the world due to their attractive properties. Besides renewability and biodegradability, plant fibers are characterized by their good availability, low cost and density, limited damage to the processing equipment, and reasonable strength and stiffness.

The majority of plants present a composite structure with an organic matrix and a reinforcement composed of cellulose fibres, which show different kinds of chemical bonding such as covalent, hydrogen or Van Der Waals bonds. The organic matrix is composed of several components including hemicelluloses, pectic matter, lignin and gums; whereas the reinforcing fibres are mainly composed of cellulose.

To extract fibers from the plant, It exist different methods which have a great influence on the fine structure of the resultatnt fibres and consequently on the chemical composition (cellulose, lignin, and hemicellulose contents), physical properties (density, fineness, crystallinity) as well as mechanical properties of the obtained fibers. It results that the fiber extraction from the plant and its characterization is an essential step prior to the technical application of this fiber. It is worth being studied and focused on.
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