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Substance Abuse: Perspectives, Trends, Issues and the Way Forward
Submission Deadline: Jan. 30, 2017

This special issue currently is open for paper submission and guest editor application.

Join as Guest Editor Submit to Special Issue
Lead Guest Editor
Garba Sadiq Uthman
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno, Nigeria
Guest Editors
  • Ibrahim Wakawa Abdu
    Mental Health Department, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
  • Bashir Zubair Chedi
    Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bayero University Kano, Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
  • Muhammed G. Magaji
    Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
  • Wannang N. Noel
    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
  • Ben Chindo Chindo
    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria
  • Abdullahi Yaro
    Department of Pharmacology, Bayero University Kano, Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
  • Rabiu Abdussalam Magaji
    Department of Human Physiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
  • Isyaku Umar Yarube
    Department of Physiology, Bayero University Kano, Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
  • Sadique Kwajaffa Pindar
    Department of Mental Health, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
  • Mukhtar Mohammed Yerima
    Department of Medicine, College of Medical Sciences, Gombe State University, Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria
Guidelines for Submission
Manuscripts can be submitted until the expiry of the deadline. Submissions must be previously unpublished and may not be under consideration elsewhere.
Papers should be formatted according to the guidelines for authors (see: http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/guideforauthors?journalid=160). By submitting your manuscripts to the special issue, you are acknowledging that you accept the rules established for publication of manuscripts, including agreement to pay the Article Processing Charges for the manuscripts. Manuscripts should be submitted electronically through the online manuscript submission system at http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/login. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal and will be listed together on the special issue website.
Published Papers
1
Authors: Uthman Garba Sadiq, Danjuma Charles Uba
Pages: 1-6 Published Online: Feb. 14, 2017
DOI:
Views 2553 Downloads 44
2
Authors: Aminu Mohammed Dukku
Pages: 7-14 Published Online: Feb. 14, 2017
DOI:
Views 2242 Downloads 39
3
Authors: Maikano Madaki, Aminu Mohammed Dukku
Pages: 15-20 Published Online: Feb. 14, 2017
DOI:
Views 4321 Downloads 70
4
Authors: Yerima Mukhtar Mohammed, Onifade Peter Olutunde, Ibrahim Abdu Wakawa, Pindar Sadique Kwajaffa, Jidda Mohammed Said, Musami Umar Baba, Wakil Musa Abba
Pages: 21-26 Published Online: Feb. 14, 2017
DOI:
Views 2272 Downloads 45
5
Authors: Piwuna C. G., Piwuna T. O., Obindo J. T., Tungchama F. P., Bankat M. A.
Pages: 27-30 Published Online: Feb. 14, 2017
DOI:
Views 2203 Downloads 44
6
Authors: Ibrahim A. W., Yerima M. M., Pindar S. K., Onyencho V. C., Ahmed H. K., Machina B. K., Shehu S., Rabbebe I. B., Wakil M. A.
Pages: 31-37 Published Online: Feb. 14, 2017
DOI:
Views 2648 Downloads 91
7
Authors: Alhassan Abdulwahab, Sale Ibrahim Alhaji, Lawan Ibrahim, Uthman Garba Sadiq
Pages: 38-41 Published Online: Feb. 14, 2017
DOI:
Views 2199 Downloads 72
8
Authors: Garba Uthman S., Sholey Zakama G., Maryam Modu B., Usama Bugaje U.
Pages: 42-46 Published Online: Feb. 14, 2017
DOI:
Views 2627 Downloads 41
Introduction

According to Donald (2005), the socio-medical phenomenon of drug use and abuse among adolescents remains among the most critical issues facing our society today. The national and global environment is permeated with drugs of all kinds. Currently, the question is not whether most teenagers will use drugs, but which one(s) will they try And how many will become addicted to drugs Recent epidemiologic surveys confirm that most young people experiment with drugs such as alcohol and/or marijuana, while many try other drugs. A pervasive difficulty in dealing with this issue is our societal acceptance of drugs and the societal demand for medications to solve real or perceived health problems. The influence of the media and manufacturers, coupled with failure of governments and society to prevent the widespread availability of dangerous drugs also worsens this problem.

In Nigeria and most developing societies, there are growing health concerns on the rate at which over-the-counter drugs (OTC) and commonly-assessed psycho-active substances are abused. One of the commonly abused drugs are cough syrups-containing codeine (CSCC). Cases of mental disorder has been linked to CSCC abuse. According to Williams (2005), the illegal use of CSCC and the ease of obtaining the drug is increasing at an alarming rate and users of these CSCC with insurance or Medicaid, have learned various strategies of obtaining these drugs. Report indicates that some users have perfected ways of presenting symptoms that will be 'rewarded' by a prescription of desired CSCC.

In Denmark a new trend concerning the abuse of codeine has been reported by Jensen and Hansen. Danish drug abusers have discovered that codeine is easily separated from a number of medicine mixtures which is then used either orally or intravenously.

On a survey of primary abuse of CSCC in Nagaland, Niteen et al (1994) reported that most addicts were male in their early twenties whom were unmarried and educated up to matriculation. Mild forms of physical and psychiatric disorders amongst users were reported. Easy over-the-counter availability, lesser expenditure, milder withdrawals and ease of consumption without secrecy were some of the reasons observed by the study group for the emergence of this new form of addiction in Assam and Nagaland.

The Nigerian Directorate of Narcotic and Controlled substances of the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and control (NAFDAC) disclosed that a large number of Nigerians are abusing the prescription of codeine.

The proposed special issue will look into the overall health, economic and socio-cultural impacts of this pandemonium.

Aims
The aims of this special issue are to:
-Have an overview of the current substances that are abused.
-Understand trends of substance abuse.
-Study the substance users and usage.
-Study the short and long term health hazards of the problem.
-Understand the perception drug abuse amongst health care givers and users of substances.
-Understand trends in techniques of health care management of substance abuse.
-Understand how regulatory policies and agencies fared in curtailing the syndrome.
-Have an overview of cellular and / or molecular basis and effects of substance abuse.

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