The ILO estimates that some 2.3 million women and men around the world succumb to work-related accidents or diseases every year; this corresponds to over 6000 deaths every single day. Worldwide, there are around 340 million occupational accidents and 160 million victims of work-related illnesses annually.
Some of the major findings in the ILO’s latest statistical data on occupational accidents and diseases, and work-related deaths on a world-wide level include the following:
- Diseases related to work cause the most deaths among workers
- The construction industry has a disproportionately high rate of recorded accidents
- Younger and older workers are particularly vulnerable. The ageing population in developed countries means that an increasing number of older persons are working and need special consideration
The investigation is reactive because an event must occur before it can be investigated. An investigation into an occupational accident, disease or dangerous occurrence (near miss) is very important to prevent occupational injuries and diseases. The investigation helps to identifies how and why an undesired event (accident, contraction of a disease, dangerous occurrence, near miss) occurred; and establishes actions required to prevent a similar event, thereby leading to an improvement in occupational safety and health management.
Most countries have legislation requiring employers to report accidents to the authorities and compliance gives inspectorates an opportunity to decide whether to investigate, perhaps by using accident selection policy criteria. However, even where legislation is lacking or compliance limited, inspectorates may become aware of accidents through the media, the social security authorities, the injured persons or their families and this information can be used to inform the decision as to whether the incident will be investigated. Evidence shows that most of information are not complete to understand the cause of the problem.
A good investigation will identify the immediate and underlying cause(s) of the accident, its root cause(s) and the prevention and control measures required in order to break the chain of causation. Therefore; concrete evidences are important to prevent Occupational injuries and diseases.
This Special Issue represents an effort to capture current problem related with expansion of different Job in Industries and none industries. But most of the time occupational accidents are common everywhere in the world due to the nature of work. The outcome of accidents may be death, disability or morbidity. Novel insights as well as fundamental research and analyses around the topics are welcomed. We are eagerly looking forward to seeing various Author’s submissions along with their creative works.