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Home / Journals / Psychology and Behavioral Sciences / The Logic in Cognitive Sciences: Historical Origins and Future Perspectives
The Logic in Cognitive Sciences: Historical Origins and Future Perspectives
Lead Guest Editor:
Ettore De Monte
Department of Human Sciences, Faculty of Psychology, European University of Rome, Rome, Italy
Guest Editors
Antonino Tamburello
Department of Human Sciences, Faculty of Psychology, European University of Rome
Rome, Italy
Michele Marsonet
School of Humanities, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Genova
Genova, Italy
Claudia Navarini
Department of Human Sciences, Faculty of Psychology, European University of Rome
Rome, Italy
Anna Contardi
Department of Human Sciences, Faculty of Psychology, European University of Rome
Rome, Italy
Marco Innamorati
Department of Human Sciences, Faculty of Psychology, European University of Rome
Rome, Italy
Giovanni Crea
Department of Human Sciences, Faculty of Psychology, European University of Rome
Rome, Italy
Luiz Henrique Santana
Department of Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Sao Paulo
Sao Paulo, Brazil
Maria Silvia Vaccarezza
Department of Antiquity, Philosophy and History, School of Humanities, University of Genova
Genova, Liguria, Italy
Riccardo Brunetti
Department of Human Sciences, Faculty of Psychology, European University of Rome
Rome, Italy
Giacomo Samek Lodovici
Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Literature and Philosophy, Cattolica University of Milan
Milan, Italy
Carmela Morabito
Faculty of Literature and Philosophy, Tor Vergata University of Rome
Rome, Italy
Introduction
The present issue proposal is based on historical evidence; developments in cognitive sciences are similar to previous developments in logical sciences and, in part, derive from them, especially in those fields that concern questions regarding the foundations of mathematics. This historical evidence establishes the logical and interdisciplinary nature of cognitive sciences. It suggests and proposes some important themes for investigation and research: 1) studies on the historical influences between the cognitive sciences (in each of their phases) and the logical sciences; 2) definition of the logical and rational properties of the cognitive sciences that are considered only empirical and experimental; 3) analysis of the relations between these logical and rational properties and the better known empirical and experimental properties of the cognitive sciences; 4) formulation of new cognitive models of man and new methods of research, which must be necessarily integrative and complex; 5) analysis and evaluation of the relations between the propositional/rational and the executive/experimental dimensions of the cognitive sciences.

Aims and scope

To analyze the historical relations between logic and cognitive sciences.
To understand the historical roots and analogies which show the logical character of cognitive science.
To conceive reason as a guide to the study of cognitive processes, in which logic becomes necessary.
To understand the power of integration, so that logic can help to solve some dilemmas that psychology has not yet solved, in the same way that Priest’s paraconsistent logic considers contradictions to be opportunities.
To recognize the mental use of logical domains and rationalize cognitive functioning. Thus, for example, situated and distributed cognitions can be understood to be different but equally possible modalities of the same processes.
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