Department of Bio-Science, College of Arts, Science and Humanities, Mody University,
Sikar, Rajasthan, India
Directorate of Wheat Research
Basavaprabhu L. Patil
ICAR-National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology (NRCPB)
New Delhi, India
Department of Phytopathology, Institute of Soil Science, Agricultural Academy
Plant microbes can cause serious losses to most, if not all, major crops upon which we depend for food. Many microbes are endemic, causing moderate losses each year. From the past few years the understanding of the plant microbes are parallely increased. Information on the genome organisation and sequence similarities of the non-structural proteins, in particular of their RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RdRps) and helicases, show that most plant microbes are genetically related and appear to have possible evolutionary links with some animal genomes viruses. Microbes are increasingly being used in nanotechnology applications for a variety of purposes as diverse as material science, vaccine development, and therapeutic design. The fundamental principles that underpin all biotechnology related to microbes are explained and a full range of examples are discussed to show how these principles are applied; from starting substrate to final product. The Challenges on this aspects and methodologies inspired us to propose a issues entitled “Plant pathogen Interaction”.