Lead Guest Editor
Chemical Engineering Department (With programmes in Chemical Engineering and Petroleum/Gas Engineering), Faculty of Engineering, University of Lagos,
Akoka-Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria
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The development scientifically and technological of any nation rank among the top tickets to consider such nation as developed, developing or less developed/ underdeveloped. To cross to the highly aspire developed state, the transformation of such nation must be techno-scientifically based and defined. Definitely, a reflection of this will be seen in the widespread of process industries (both chemical and bio-chemical) in the developmental history of such nation. The widespread of the process industries comes with its challenges such as pollution, unsafe practices, use of gross energy in spite of its limitation, hazardous chemicals etc. There now comes a scenario of production by pollution, development through risks etc. In as much as we must produce to develop then the timely and pressing need is to marry together that aspect of production and development with the associated hazard through research and development in a bid to operate economically, optimally, safely and environmentally friendily. As process engineers, our onus is to turn industrial safety and energy issues/challenges into opportunities. This we can achieve through continuous emphasis
1. on importance of chemical and biochemical process safety
2. reinforcing the importance of chemical engineering fundamentals e.g thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, transport, materials and energy balance to chemical and bio-chemical process safety
3. incorporating chemical and bio-chemical process safety into the chemical engineering curriculum
4. regular training, awareness and conference on flammability limits and flash points on various materials, run away reactions and explosion and relief design, rapid over-pressurization of reactor system in process plants, detonation or deflagration of highly energetic materials, rapid decomposition of thermally unstable substances or mixtures.
The positive outcomes from the highlighted emphasis could save death, serious injury, loss of manufacturing plants, environmental damage, and large financial losses. Process safety issues should therefore be a pre-requisite for all chemical and bio-chemical processes.
Our Objectives: We invite papers from both the academia and industrialists as part of a special issue of Energy and Safety Issues in Chemical and Bio-Chemical Processes devoted to the state of the art in energy and safety systems. Of interest are research studies (experimental, computational, theoretical, review, short communication ,letter to the editor) and case studies that may contribute towards the understanding or the solution of energy and safety engineering problems. The range of topics of interest is broad and interdisciplinary, and includes but not limited to the following fields.
1. Energy minimization
2. Green chemical processes
3. Industry and safety
4. Energy and safety management
5. Energy Planning (planning for generation, capacity expansions, hydropower planning, network and transmission planning, reliability)
6. Renewable energy
7. Recent Technologies e.g Oxyfuel etc
8. Energy development
9. Relief design system
10. Energy efficiency
11. Energy sustainability
12. Energy and exergy analysis of process plant
13. Chemical process safety
14. Alternative safe chemical materials
15. Process design
16. Energy and temperature control system
17. Waste Management and Environmental Issues
18. Low carbon energy
19. Fire and explosion
20. Hydrocarbon release reduction
21. Energy risk analysis