The Impact of the Relationship Between Climate Change and Gender Inequality on landscape
One of the major problems in today's world, and especially in the future, is climate change. And its adverse effects are increasing. Therefore, global organizations have various plans to mitigate these effects. Climate change includes global warming, floods, storms, droughts, and more. Global warming has two main areas: the global average temperature rises and urban heat island. By 2050, all countries have pledged not to raise the global average temperature by more than two degrees.
One of the reasons for much attention to global warming is its association with human health. Raising temperatures, especially in cities, urban heat island, and heatwaves, directly and indirectly, hurts the physical and mental health of all humans. But these effects on different human groups are different. Some groups, including pregnant, infants, children, the elderly, the disabled, patients, the low-incomes, and the poor are at high risk. Research shows that the adverse effects of global warming on women's health are more significant. Besides, high-risk groups are often associated with women. Because women usually take care of children, the elderly and the disabled in the family. And if their health is compromised, it will undoubtedly increase their working hours of care for women, as well as affect women's health. Also, women are often poorer and more vulnerable than men.
The effects of global warming in cities are higher than in rural areas. These effects are also more severe in the downtown area than in the suburbs because of the lack of green space and factors such as air pollution. One of the major causes of the negative impacts of global warming on the health of vulnerable groups is less access to urban green infrastructure and a lack of ability to create, develop and maintain private green space. Therefore, women's health is more at risk in populated cities and urban centers than in other women.
Green spaces could stop cities from overheating. Researches showed parks and gardens decreasing temperatures promote the reduction of the urban heat island. So, in areas of the city where women are more populated, or women spend more time in those areas, there is a need for increased public green space.