HIV was first diagnosed in India in the mid-1980s. Studies suggest that the disease has spread through two geographic pathways : first, along the main trunk roads that serve as the transport network for this enormous country, and second, along the border regions near Burma, where drug use is widespread. Only a generation ago, it lay undetected. Over the past three decades, still too many people are getting risk and too many people are dying. It has become one of the most stigmatized diseases in the world.
AIDS arrived in China through the black market drug trade. As with most countries, AIDS spread in China because of social and economic problems. High unemployment fosters a large migrant population and a boom in commercial sex work. Overall, the most common way AIDS has spread as intravenous drug use --- which accounts for more than 50 percent of all cases, but patterns of transmission vary from region to region. It is conservatively estimated that around 740,000 people with HIV are living in China ( China Daily, 2009 ). In August 2001, health authorities in Beijing announced that 600,000 Chinese were HIV positive as of 2000. But medically, the greatest problems China faces in confronting its AIDS epidemic are the massive reorganization of the nation's healthcare system and continuing ignorance about the disease. The first step to effectively controlling the virus in China may be going back to the source attacking the heart of the epidemic in the brothels, drug dens and migrant communities of Yunnan province, along the border with the Golden Triangle. The world is within reach of providing antiretroviral therapy to 15 million people by 2015. Antiretroviral therapy not only prevents AIDS-related illness and death: it also has the potential to significantly reduce the risk of HIV transmission and the speed of tuberculosis.
Traditional Chinese Medicine ( TCM ), developed over 2000 years ago, is a method of medicine that looks at the patient in a very different way from Western Medicine. Where Western Medicine has developed a system of diagnosis whereby the same disease or problem is treated with a similar treatment plan for each patient. Traditional Chinese Medicine examines where the patient is ‘out of harmony’ and strives to treat that, so as to bring the patient back ‘ in harmony ‘ and so make them well.
HIV has proven to be a formidable challenge, but the tide is turning. The tools to achieve an AIDS-free generation are in our hands. Let us move forward together on the ambitious goals set for 2015 and bring us closer to realizing our collective vision of zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths.
We would like to organize and co-edit a Special Issue, ‘ The World AIDS Report 2015. ‘ The main target is to gather quality research contributions in the most recent advancements in the medical field to facilitate and add value to our Special Issue.
We have listed above some examples to give potential authors some concrete ideas about our Special Issue. Hence, these are meant to be indicative and are not by any means comprehensive
(1) Areas of interest included all related fields.
(2) Contributors to this Special Issue will be encouraged from all experts to provide a practical and forward-looking view of the future in AIDS.
(3) Others, such as the laws about HIV/AIDS in other countries, the on-going research and challenges in this field with future outlook.
(4) Tutorial-style articles and didactic materials in this field are also solicited, if they provide a structured introduction and a clear overview of the related areas, and newly emerging challenges as well as problems.