Lead Guest Editor
Physiology department, Belarusian State Medical University,
Mannheim Faculty of Medicine, University of Heidelberg, University Medical Centre Mannheim,
Guidelines for Submission
Manuscripts can be submitted until the expiry of the deadline. Submissions must be previously unpublished and may not be under consideration elsewhere.
Papers should be formatted according to the guidelines for authors (see: http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/guideforauthors?journalid=259
). By submitting your manuscripts to the special issue, you are acknowledging that you accept the rules established for publication of manuscripts, including agreement to pay the Article Processing Charges for the manuscripts. Manuscripts should be submitted electronically through the online manuscript submission system at http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/login
. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal and will be listed together on the special issue website.
The special issue currently is open for paper submission. Potential authors are humbly requested to submit an electronic copy of their complete manuscript by clicking here
The visual system is the main source of information analyzing which the human brain recognizes details, shape, contrast, brightness, colour and identifies visual objects; forms a 3-dimensional static and dynamic visual space locating the figure, objects and dynamics of their motion in it. The brain uses to perceive and stored visual information in the memory to perform other functions: writing, reading, fine motions; maintenance of attention, consciousness, thinking, motivations, emotions; forming behavior, mental reactions; control of circadian rhythms, sleep and wakefulness. In the implementation of visual functions and the use of visual signals to perform other functions more than 30 brain structures including many of cortical areas, subcortical centers of the diencephalon, brainstem and cerebellum are involved. Thus, the visual system is a window to the brain and according to the indicators of its sensorimotor functions the functional state ofthe brain structures controlling sensory, oculomotor, pupillary and other vision components in normal conditions and brain diseases can be evaluated.
The purpose of the publication of the special issue International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering entitled “Visual system as a mirror of neuronal processes in healthy and damaged brain” will contribute to spreading of knowledge about the vast opportunities to assess the functions of healthy and damaged brain through research of their reflection in the mirror which is the visual system.
In the Special Issue it is planned to publish articles on research results obtained by classical and modern methods (OCT, MRI, light sensitivity thresholds et al.), confirming the existence of a close connection between demyelinating (eg, multiple sclerosis), ischemic (eg, in haemodynamics disorder in the brain vessels) brain damage and structural changes in the retina, optic nerve and visual tracts (thinning of the nerve fiber layer, the death of ganglionic cells and their axons) as well as the deterioration of the contrast, color sensitivity, eye movement and pupil reflexes disorders. It is also planned to publish articles about the connection between the retinal vessel state and brain vessels, changing of the parameters of retinal vascular tree as a predictor of future cerebral strokes, complications after diabetes and arterial hypertension. It is planned to give some material about disorders of processing of visual signals in the cortex associated with the occurrence of visual agnosia, visual illusions and space orientation impossibility.