Oral Biology is a tremendously diverse scientific area encompassing the disciplines of molecular biology and genetics, microbiology and immunology, genomics, biochemistry, biophysics, craniofacial development, pharmacology, physiology, and cancer biology. Because of the unique combination of tissues and functions of the mouth and craniofacial complex, the field of oral biology blends fundamental scientific disciplines in unique and fascinating ways to meet the challenges of developing new and highly effective ways to manage, cure or prevent diseases and developmental defects.
Oral Biology is the branch of dentistry that includes the study of embryology (pre and post natal growth), oral physiology, gross anatomy, histology and development with special emphasis on study of dental hard and soft tissue (enamel, dentin, pulp and periodontium) and extraoral structures (salivary glands and TMJ). This subject provides the basic knowledge of the above mentioned areas which also highlights the clinical aspects and integration with other basic sciences subjects.
Tooth Morphology is a specialized branch of Oral Biology concerned with morphological aspects of each tooth in dentition and development of occlusion. This basic knowledge is integrated with Orthodontics and Operative dentistry which enables the clinician to achieve best clinical results while rearranging and restoring teeth.