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Physical Exercise and Non-Pharmacological Intervention in Autonomic Modulation and Control of Cardiovascular Diseases
Submission Deadline: Oct. 30, 2019

This special issue currently is open for paper submission and guest editor application.

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Lead Guest Editor
José Morais Souto Filho
Catholic University of Brasilia, Taguatinga, Brazil
Guest Editors
  • Marcelo Magalhães Sales
    State University of Goias
    Anápolis (Headquarter), Goiás, Brazil
  • Sérgio Rodrigues Moreira
    Federal University of the São Francisco Valley
    Av. José de Sá Maniçoba, S/N - Centro, Petrolina , Brazil
  • Thiago Dos Santos Rosa
    Catholic University of Brasilia
    Taguatinga, Brasília, Brazil
  • Fabiana Andrade Machado
    State University of Maringá
    Colombo, Brazil
  • Rafael Dos Reis Vieira olher
    University Center of the Federal District
    Brasília, Brazil
  • Caio Victor de Souza
    University of Miami
    Florida, USA
Guidelines for Submission
Manuscripts can be submitted until the expiry of the deadline. Submissions must be previously unpublished and may not be under consideration elsewhere.
Papers should be formatted according to the guidelines for authors (see: http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/guideforauthors?journalid=279). By submitting your manuscripts to the special issue, you are acknowledging that you accept the rules established for publication of manuscripts, including agreement to pay the Article Processing Charges for the manuscripts. Manuscripts should be submitted electronically through the online manuscript submission system at http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/login. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal and will be listed together on the special issue website.
Published Papers
The special issue currently is open for paper submission. Potential authors are humbly requested to submit an electronic copy of their complete manuscript by clicking here.

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Introduction
Autonomic nervous system (ANS) plays an important role in the regulation of the physiological processes of the human organism during normal and pathological conditions. Among the techniques used in its evaluation, the heart rate variability (HRV) has arising as a simple and non-invasive measure of the autonomic impulses, representing one of the most promising quantitative markers of the autonomic balance. The HRV describes the oscillations in the interval between consecutive heart beats (RR interval), as well as the oscillations between consecutive instantaneous heart rates. These parameters have proved to be good predictors of morbidity and mortality in the clinical sphere, despite the need for scientific deepening, with expressive samples and prolonged follow up. Such studies may be useful in research and treatment of heart disease. Currently, the HRV indexes have been used to understand various conditions, such as coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, arterial hypertension, myocardial infarction, sudden death, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, renal failure, heart failure, diabetes, stroke. A reduced HRV has been identified as a strong indicator of risk related to adverse events in healthy individuals and patients with a large number of diseases, reflecting the vital role that ANS plays in maintaining health. In diseases such as hypertension, acute myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease and atherosclerosis, HRV indexes are reduced. The assessment of HRV has also been widely used in order to diagnose both physiological and psychological disorders. In sports medicine, for example, is generally used to assess adaptations related to resistance training. The regular practice of physical activity has been reported as a factor in increased vagal tone due to physiological adaptations that have occurred by the increase in cardiac work, since there is a decreased sensitivity of beta receptors. Thus, the increase in parasympathetic modulation induces an electrical stability of the heart, while the high sympathetic activity increases the vulnerability of the heart and the risk of cardiovascular events. Despite the widespread use of HRV analysis in understanding the phenomena involved with the SNA in normal and pathological conditions, studies related to its use in clinical practice are still scarce. However, some studies have shown the great potential that HRV analysis can have in clinical practice. HRV has gained importance today as a technique to explore the ANS, which has an important role in maintaining homeostasis. The widest possible use, the cost-effectiveness in the application of the technique and ease of data acquisition makes the HRV an interesting option for interpretation of the functioning of the ANS and a promising clinical tool to assess and identify impairments on health.

Aims and Scope:

  1. Blood pressure
  2. Autonomic Nervous System
  3. Cardiovascular diseases
  4. Physical exercise
  5. Heart Rate Variability
  6. Endothelium
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