Department of Ahvas Jundishapur, University of Medical Science,
Ahvaz, Khuzestan, Iran
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Precision medicine can be defined as the prevention, investigation and treatment of diseases taking individual variability into account. There are multiple ways in which the field of precision medicine may be advanced; however, recent innovations in the fields of electronics and microfabrication techniques have led to an increased interest in the use of implantable biosensors in precision medicine. Implantable biosensors are an important class of biosensors because of their ability to provide continuous data on the levels of a target analyte; this enables trends and changes in analyte levels over time to be monitored without any need for intervention from either the patient or clinician. As such, implantable biosensors have great potential in the diagnosis, monitoring, management and treatment of a variety of disease conditions. Due their small size, high flexibility, and the fact that they lack any unnatural flat surfaces, the sensors aren't recognized by the immune system as foreign objects. As a result, they don't get covered in inflammatory cells or scar tissue, which would isolate them and keep them from detecting chemical changes in the body. Instead, cells and capillaries actually grow into the sensors' scaffolding, incorporating them into the surrounding tissue.
The detector/patch measures the amount of fluorescence emitted by the sensor, and wirelessly transmits the data to an app on the user's smartphone. That app analyzes the data, compares the present chemical concentrations to a baseline for that person, then lets them know if there are any health issues that they need to be aware of