Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics,Rostov Institute (branch) Vguyua,
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Ensuring the rights of participants in criminal proceedings must meet the ideas of the person and his rights and freedoms as the highest value and comply with international human rights standards, which are an integral part of the Russian legal system. The Constitution of the Russian Federation recognizes the person, his rights and freedoms as the highest value, and their observance and protection – the duty of the state. The meaning, content and application of laws, the activities of law enforcement agencies related to the investigation of crimes are determined by the rights and freedoms of man and citizen. The establishment of the Institute of human rights and the fulfilment of the objective of criminal proceedings are not yet complete, but the search for its real development continues. The content of article 6 of the code of criminal procedure says that state bodies and officials are obliged to protect the rights and interests of persons involved in criminal proceedings. This duty is based on Art. 2, 18, 45, 46 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. However, the purpose of criminal proceedings (p. 1 h. 1 art. 6 code of criminal procedure) is declarative in nature, which does not contribute to the effectiveness of the protection of human rights and legitimate interests in criminal proceedings. Standards concerning human rights do not exist-provided extremely inconsistent, unsystematic and fragmented regulation of the procedure of the implementation of these claimed rights. V. Matvienko notes that Russia needs a new concept of criminal law policy aimed at ensuring human rights, and, of course, a new version of the Criminal procedure code. In the Federation Council receives a lot of complaints about law enforcement agencies abusing such a measure, as a preliminary conclusion for the period of the preliminary investigation.