Determination of Heavy Metals and Trace Element Levels in Honey Samples From Different Regions of Iraq and Compared with Other Kind
American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 83-92
Received: Apr. 4, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 14, 2015; Published: Apr. 27, 2015
Views 5767      Downloads 308
Authors
Saadiyah Ahmed Dhahir, Department of chemistry, College of science for women, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Ameera Hassan Hemed, Department of chemistry, College of science for women, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The aim of study quantitative analysis of toxic heavy metals Cd, Pb, Ni , AS, V and trace element Fe, Mg, Se ,Cu, Mn, K, Na, Cain different kinds of Iraqi honey of bee and compare with other types. elements were determined by FAAS and GFAAS method. Because of the nutritional value and high medical honey for humans so it was necessary to appoint metals of great importance. High concentration of essential metals and Heavy metals can be toxic both to man and animals. The results indicated that the Seand K elements recorded at high concentrations (0.0384-712.8)mg/kg respectively while the Cu element recorded the low concentration(0.1) mg/kg in all kind of honey samples. The contents of heavy and trace metals in honey samples were found to be between (0.100-0.730)mg/kg for Pd,( 0.108-0. 8200)mg/kg for Cd, (0.210-0.894)mg/kg for Ni,(0.117-0.440) mg/kg for Fe,(0.0024-0.0348) mg/kg for Se, (0.260-0.721)mg/kg for Mg ,Cu<0.1, (140.8-240.8) mg/kg for Ca,(51.0-120.8) mg/kg for Na,(93.80-712.8) mg/kg for K,(0.0116-0.0708) mg/kg for Mn,(0.0091-0.086) mg/kg for V, for As (0.0104-0.035) mg/kg.
Keywords
Determination of Heavy Metals and Trace Element Levels in Honey Samples From Different Regions of Iraq and Compared with Other Kind
To cite this article
Saadiyah Ahmed Dhahir, Ameera Hassan Hemed, Determination of Heavy Metals and Trace Element Levels in Honey Samples From Different Regions of Iraq and Compared with Other Kind, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 83-92. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20150303.11
References
[1]
Saif-ur-Rehman, Zia Farooq Khan, and Tahir Maqbool, Cien. Inv. Agr.V.35(2),p.p199-204, 2008
[2]
Farida Iftikhar, M. Asif Masood and Elizabeth Stephen Waghchoure, Asian J. Exp. Biol. Sci .V. 2(3) , p.p399-403,2011
[3]
Traditional medicine strategy launched. (WHO News). V.80, p.p. 610,2002
[4]
Bruce R D’Arcy, “Antioxidants in Australian Floral Honeys- –Identification of health-enhancing nutrient components” A report for the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation,2005
[5]
Liviu Alexandru Marghitas , Daniel Severus Dezmirean, Cristina Bianca Pocol, Marioara Ilea, Otilia Bobis, Iosifgergen, J. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, V. 38 (2), p.p.84-90,2010
[6]
Farida Iftikhar. Ph.D., thesis “Study of Wound Healing and Antibacterial Activity of Bioactive Compounds Foundin Honey From Different Flora of Pakistan ”Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan ,2010 .
[7]
Amina Chakir, Abderrahmane Romane, Nicoletta Barbagianni, Donatella Bartoli, Paola Ferrazzi, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, V. 5(4), p.p..223-231, 2011
[8]
M.D. Ioannidou, G.A. Zachariadis, A.N. Anthemidis, J.A. Stratis, Talanta, V. 65,p.p.92–97,2005
[9]
John H. Duffus, Pure Appl. Chem., V. 74, p.p. 793–807, 2002.
[10]
A. Mbiri, A. Onditi, N. Oyaro and E. Murago,JAGST ,V. 13(1) ,p.p.108-15,2011
[11]
Mohammed Moniruzzaman, Muhammed Alamgir Zaman Chowdhury, Mohammad Abdur Rahman, Siti Amrah Sulaiman, and Siew Hua Gan, BioMed Research International, V.1,p.p.1-10,2014
[12]
O.M. Herna´ndez, J.M.G. Fraga, A.I. Jime´nez, F. Jime´nez, J.J. Arias, Food Chemistry,V.93,p.p. 449–458, 2005
[13]
David L. Watts, Ph.D., F.A.C.E.P, Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine, V. 5 (3), p.p. 159-160, 1990
[14]
Stefan Bogdanov, Tomislav Jurendic, Robert Sieber, Peter Gallmann, Stefan Bogdanov, Tomislav Jurendic, Robert Sieber, Peter Gallmann, American Journal of the College of Nutrition, V. 27, p.p. 677-689,2008
[15]
Jivan A, PatruIca Silvia, Popescu G H. Lucrări Stiin Ńifice Zootehnie Si Biotehnologii, V. 41, p.p 203-208, 2008
[16]
Stefan Bogdanov, Apidologie, V.37, p.p.1–18, 2006
[17]
Erina Asmaw Anibt Abu Bakar, B S.C, thesis “Determination of Heavy Metals (Cadmium, Chromium, Copper, Lead and Nickel) In Slimmng Teaa By Using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy” , Universiti Teknologi MARA, 2008
[18]
Klaus-J. Appenroth,. Sherameti and A. Varma (eds.), Soil Heavy Metals, Soil Biology, V. 19, p.p.19-29, 2010
[19]
Mustafa Tuzen a, Mustafa Soylak, J.F ood Chemistry, V.102, p.p.1089–1095, 2007
[20]
Zahrah Al- Engineering and Technology, V. 3(2), p.p.8977-8989, 2014
[21]
B.L. Batista, L.R.S. da Silva, B.A. Rocha, J.L. Rodrigues, A.A. Berretta-Silva, T.O. Bonates, V. S. D. Gomes, R.M. Barbosa, F. Barbosa, Food Research International, V. 49, p.p. 205-215, 2012
[22]
Chandrama Singh, Shubharani, R and Sivaram, V, World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, V 3(8), p.p.509-515., 2014
[23]
Mohammed Moniruzzaman, Muhammed Alamgir Zaman Chowdhury, Mohammad Abdur Rahman, Siti Amrah Sulaiman and Siew Hua Gan,V. 2014, Article ID 359890, p. 10
[24]
Pawel Pohl, Helena Stecka, Piotr Jamroz, J.Arch Environ Contam Toxicol V.66, p.p.287–294, 2014
[25]
Helena Stecka , Dominika Jedryczko , Maja Welna and Pawel Pohl, Environ Monit Assess V.186, p.p.6145–6155,2014
[26]
Afzal Shah1,Farzana Sikandar1, Imdad Ullah, Afzal Shah3, Salah Ud-Din Khan, Usman Ali Rana, Thomas McCoy, Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, V. 2(. 9),p.p.532-538,2014
[27]
Camila Kulek de Andrade, Vanessa Egea dos Anjos, Maria Lurdes Felsner, Yohandra Reyes Torres, Sueli Percio Quinaia, J. Food Chemistry , V.146 ,p.p.166–173, 2014
[28]
Abdulaziz S. Alqarni, Ayman A. Owayss, Awad A. Mahmoud, Mohammed A. Hannan, Journal of Saudi Chemical Society V. 18,p.p 618–625, 2014
[29]
Fusun Temamogulları, Selma Yazar, Ruhtan Başkaya, Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences, V.28, p.p.38-40, 2012
[30]
K. Nikolova, G. Gentscheva, E. Ivanova, J. Bulgarian Chemical Communications, Vo 45(2), p.p.244 – 249, 2013
[31]
Formicki, Grzegorz, Greń, Agnieszka, Stawarz, Robert, Zyśk, Bartłomiej, Gał, Anna, journal of Environmental Studies, V. 22, p.p.99-106,2013
[32]
M. Tuzen , S. Silici b, D. Mendil , M. Soylak c,Food Chemistry , V.103 ,.p.p.325–330, 2007
[33]
Petra Batelkova, Ivana Borkovcova, Olga Celechovska, Lenka Vorlova, Acta Vet. Brno, V.81,p.p.169–174, 2012
[34]
Irane Nyangoge Orina, thesis.”Quaity And Saffty Characteristis OF Honey Produced In Different Regions OF Kenya”, Jomokenyatta University OF Agriculture and Technology, 2012
[35]
Amin Sadeghi, Ali-Akbar Mozafari, Reza Bahmani, Kamran Shokri, Journal of Apicultural Science, V. 56 ( 2),p.p.84-88, 2012
[36]
K.W. Shahir E.J. Taher, the Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, V.43 (5), P. 63-68, 2012
[37]
Shahram Saghaei Husamettin Ekici , Mevlut Demirbas ,Ender Yarsan , Yas Tumer, Kafkas Univ Vet FakDergV.18 (2), p.p.281-284, 2012
[38]
O. G. Stanciu, L. A. Marghitas,D. Dezmirean, M. G. Campos, Romanian Biotechnological Letters, V. 16( 4), p.p. 6291-6296, 2011
[39]
Carero Pablo, Rondon Carlos, Saavedra Agni R, Vit Patricia, Vit P and Roubik DW, eds.,V.1,p.p.1-5,2012
[40]
Demirhan Citak, Sibel Silici, Mustafa Tuzen, Mustafa Soylak, International Journal of Food Science & Technology,V.61, p.p.126, 2013
[41]
Girliane Regina da Silva et.al, Food and Nutrition Sciences, V.5, P.1015-1021,2014
[42]
A. Mbiri, A. Onditi, N. Oyaro and E. Murago, Jagst V. 13(1) , p.p.107-115,2011
[43]
Weldegebriel Yohannes, MS. C, thesis.” Determination of Selected Trace Metals and Physicochemical Parameters of Commercially available Honey in Ethiopia”, Department of chemistry Faculty of Science, 2009.
[44]
Mohamed H. S. Ahmid, Saleh Elwerfali, Ali Agha1, Mohamed Elagori1, Nagwa H. S. Ahmida, Food and Nutrition Sciences, V. 4,P.33-40,2013
[45]
J. Lachman, , D. Kolihová, D. Miholová,J. Košata, D. Titěra, K. Kult,Food chemistry ,V. 101, P. 973–979,2007
[46]
J. L. Rodrfguez-Otero, P Paseird, J Simal, L Terradillos, Journal of Apicultural Research, V. 31 (2), p.p 65-69 , 2010
[47]
Niloofar Khoshbakht Fahim, Hamed Reza Beheshti, Somayeh Sadat Fakoor Janati and Javad Feizy, International Journal of Industrial Chemistry,V. 4(10) , p.p.1-3,2013
[48]
Jozef Szkoda and Jan Żmudzki, Bull Vet Inst Pulawy, V. 49,p.p. 89-92, 2005
[49]
Saeid Nazari, American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, V. 2,p.p. 757-767, 2011
[50]
Krystyna Pyrzynska, Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry, V. 37, p.p.39–49, 2007
[51]
Akinola, M.O., Njoku, K.L. and Ekeifo, B.E., Advances in Environmental Biology,V. 2(1)p.p. 25-30, 2008
[52]
AL. Kaisie, B.I, AL_Mussawi, M.T, Maccawei, T.m, UmSalama Science Journal,V.3(4),p.p.702-705,2006
[53]
O. P. Sobukola, O. M. Adeniran, A. A. Odedairo and O. E. Kajihausa, African Journal of Food Science, V. 4(2), pp. 389 - 393, 2010.
[54]
Paweł Konieczyński, Marek Wesołowski, Piotr Rafalski, herbapolonica, V.53(4),p.p.28-33, 2007
[55]
Intidhar D. Sulaiman Rafea K. Al Kubaisy Jasm D. Salman, Ibn Al-Haitham Jour. for Pure & Appl. Sci., V. 26 (1),p.p 234-240, 2013
[56]
Waleed A. Mahmoud, Fadhil M. Abid ,Zehraa. A. Jabeer ,J. Baghdad for Sci,V.9(4), p.p,663-667,2012
[57]
F .Cuparigova, T. Stafilov, Chemical Sciences Journal, V.46, p.p. 1-8,2011
[58]
Ahmed Hassan, Mahmoud A.A. Ghandour, Azza M.M. Ali and Hazim. A. Mahran, American Journal of Applied Sciences ,V.7 (3),p.p. 315-322, 2010
[59]
Ducu Sandu Ştef, Iosif Gergen, Lavinia Ştef, Monica Harmanescu, Cecilia Pop, Marioara Druga, Gabriel Bujanca1, Mirela Popa, Animal Science and Biotechnologies, V.43 (1),p.p 122-126, 2010
[60]
Linda Houtkooper, Vanessa A. Farrell, the University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.,p.p.1-4,2011
[61]
Mahwash Zahra Kirmani, Sheikh Mohiuddin, Farah Naz, Iftikhar Imam Naqvi , Erum Zahir, Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, V.7(2),p.p. 89–95 , 2011
[62]
Drinking Water Health Advisory for Manganese, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Water (4304T) Health and Ecological Criteria Division Washington, DC 20460,2004
[63]
Awofolu, O.R., AJST, V. 5(1),p.p.15-21 ,2004
[64]
Guţu Claudia Maria, Bălălău D, Ilie Mihaela, Purdel Carmen Nicoleta, Gubandru Miriana, Acta Medica MarisiensisV.59(5), p.p.246-249, 2013.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186