Comparative Studies of Oil-Modified Alkyd Resins Synthesized from Epoxidized and Crude Neem Oil
American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2016, Pages: 120-124
Received: Apr. 3, 2016; Accepted: Apr. 13, 2016; Published: Jun. 18, 2016
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Authors
I. R. Jack, Department of Chemistry, Rivers State University of Science and Technology Port Harcourt, Nigeria
A. U. Anya, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology (NARICT) Zaria, Nigeria
O. F. Osagie, Department of Chemistry, Rivers State University of Science and Technology Port Harcourt, Nigeria
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Abstract
Two different alkyd resins; epoxidized neem seed oil-modified alkyd resin (ENOMAR) and crude neem seed oil-modified alkyd resin (CNOMAR) with oil-length of 64.5% each were synthesized. A portion of neem oil was epoxidized at 50°C using per-acid generated in-situ. The (ENOMAR) and (CNOMAR) were prepared using glycolysis and poly-condensation methods. Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide (MEKP) and cobalt naphthalate in toluene were employed as the driers. The physicochemical analyses of the synthesized resins were investigated. Also, minimum drying and set to touch time was recorded at 15hrs, 9hrs and 17hrs, 10hrs for (ENOMAR) and (CMOMAR) respectively at temperature of 120°C on exposed for 120min. Both resins show good resistance in 10% HCl and distilled water. (CNOMAR) shows relatively fair resistance in 1%NaCl while (ENOMAR) has a poor resistance in the brine solution. FT-IR results shows a broad and sharp peaks at 1732cm-1, 2928cm-1 and 3465cm-1 for (ENOMAR) and two broad peaks at 1734cm-1, and 2927cm-1 for (CNOMAR). Statistical analysis from ANOVA table comparing the drying time between the two resins gave Fv =0. 327 and Fc = 5. 990. Assessments of the properties show that epoxidized neem oil modified alkyd resin (ENOMAR) has better film properties compared to crude neem oil modified alkyd resin (CNOMAR).
Keywords
Alkyd resin, Epoxy Functionality, Trans-Esterification, Film Property and Infrared Analysis
To cite this article
I. R. Jack, A. U. Anya, O. F. Osagie, Comparative Studies of Oil-Modified Alkyd Resins Synthesized from Epoxidized and Crude Neem Oil, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 120-124. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20160404.11
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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