Auto-Inflammation Test of Black Citric Acid Polymer (PN) and Fuel Oil (FO) Mixes - Coke Formation
American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 45-52
Received: Apr. 1, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 13, 2017; Published: May 25, 2017
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Authors
Andry Tahina Rabeharitsara, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Marie Nicole Rabemananjara, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Nambinina Richard Randriana, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Haritiana Jeannelle Rakotonirina, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Edouard Andrianarison, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
André Razafimandefitra, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Baholy Robijaona, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
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Abstract
Increasing the value of heavy oil or vacuum resides was one of the challenge of petroleum industry. It has been neglected for technology improvement because the petroleum industry has focused on lighter crude oils and their distillable liquid fractions. The great problem was its conversion yields revealed a practical maximum limits that are imposed by petroleum poly-nuclear aromatics (PNA) of the petroleum macromolecules. Our objective in this manuscript was to understand and to show the black citric acid polymers (PN) effects to the value of fuel oil. Then, we have prepared FO/PN mixes samples and tested their auto-inflammation temperature. Coke was formed and quantified by hexane and dichloromethane extraction. The results showed that not only the auto-inflammation temperature of the mixes were largely lower than the ones of fuel oil and PN but also during the mixes combustion not inconsiderable alkenes such as prop-1-ène and its derivatives non-aromatics organic compounds were formed that the rest was insoluble in hexane solvent. The PN gave an added value to the fuel oil.
Keywords
Black Citric Acid Polymer (PN), Fuel Oil, Auto-inflammation, Hexane, Dichloromethane, Soluble Coke, Insoluble Coke
To cite this article
Andry Tahina Rabeharitsara, Marie Nicole Rabemananjara, Nambinina Richard Randriana, Haritiana Jeannelle Rakotonirina, Edouard Andrianarison, André Razafimandefitra, Baholy Robijaona, Auto-Inflammation Test of Black Citric Acid Polymer (PN) and Fuel Oil (FO) Mixes - Coke Formation, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2017, pp. 45-52. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20170503.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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