First Report on Chemical Composition and Acaricidal Activity on the Cattle Tick Rhipicephalus microplus of Essential Oil from Monanthotaxis parvifolia (Oliv.) Verdc
American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 53-56
Received: May 11, 2017; Accepted: May 19, 2017; Published: Jul. 7, 2017
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Authors
Sedjro-Ludolphe Oronce Dedome, Department of Chemical Engineering and Processes, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Guy Alain Alitonou, Department of Chemical Engineering and Processes, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Hounnankpon Yedomonhan, Department of Vegetable Biology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Fidele Paul Tchobo, Department of Chemical Engineering and Processes, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Philippe Sessou, Department of Chemical Engineering and Processes, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin; Department of Production and Animal Health, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Mahudro Yovo, Department of Chemical Engineering and Processes, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Eric Yessinou, Department of Production and Animal Health, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Souaibou Farougou, Department of Production and Animal Health, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Felicien Avlessi, Department of Chemical Engineering and Processes, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Chantal Menut, Faculty of Pharmacy, Institute of Biomolecules Max Mousseron, Montpellier, France
Dominique Codjo Koko Sohounhloue, Department of Chemical Engineering and Processes, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
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Abstract
The chemical composition of the essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation from leaves of Monanthotaxis parvifolia were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Thirty compounds representing 99.9 % of oil were identified. This oil is rich in sesquiterpenes with oxygenated sesquiterpenes (87.1%) following by hydrocarbons compounds (10.8%). Caryophyllene oxide (50.5%), 14-hydroxy-9-epi-(E)-caryophyllene (7.6%) and β-eudesmol (7.3%) were the main components. The acaricidal activity of this oil against Rhipicephalus microplus was assessed by modified Larval Packet Test (LPT) and Adult Immersion Test (AIT) with oil concentrations of 5%, 10% and 20% (v/v). Mortality percentages of larvae were 89.51%, 82.18% and 75.01% respectively at 20%, 10% and 5% dilutions. Monanthotaxis parvifolia leave’s essential oil has considerably reduced egg laying and induced a low reproductive index (0.067%) at 20% dilution.
Keywords
Monanthotaxis parvifolia, Acaricidal Activity, Essential Oil
To cite this article
Sedjro-Ludolphe Oronce Dedome, Guy Alain Alitonou, Hounnankpon Yedomonhan, Fidele Paul Tchobo, Philippe Sessou, Mahudro Yovo, Eric Yessinou, Souaibou Farougou, Felicien Avlessi, Chantal Menut, Dominique Codjo Koko Sohounhloue, First Report on Chemical Composition and Acaricidal Activity on the Cattle Tick Rhipicephalus microplus of Essential Oil from Monanthotaxis parvifolia (Oliv.) Verdc, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2017, pp. 53-56. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20170503.12
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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