Ammonium Di-Hydrogenocitrate and Mono-Hydrogenocitrate Synthesis by Citric Acid Neutralization with Ammonia Using Ethanol as Co-Solvent for the Crystallization – Swelling Test to Confirm Gases Emissions Capacity
American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 6-14
Received: Sep. 11, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 25, 2017; Published: Dec. 23, 2017
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Authors
Andry Tahina Rabeharitsara, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Maheriniaina Andriamasinoro Andriamandroso, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Nambinina Richard Randriana, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Rijalalaina Rakotosaona, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Edouard Andrianarison, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
André Razafimandefitra, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Baholy Robijaona, Chemical Process Engineering Department (E. S. P. A), Antananarivo University, Antananarivo, Madagascar
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Abstract
Citric acid is a α-hydroxylated tricarboxylic acid present in abundance in lemon. More than one million tons of citric acid are industrially produced throughout the year. Our objective in this manuscript was to increase the value of the citric acid to ammonium citric acid salts by crystallization such as ammonium Di-hydrogenocitrate and ammonium mono-hydrogenocitrate. Studies and tests were carried out in this direction but the characteristic of our last process was the use of a co-solvent ethanol which proved more effective and more economical. At the end, we tested the capacity of the ammonium Di-hydrogenocitrate and the ammonium mono-hydrogenocitrate to swell a mixture and compared theirs capacities to the sodium bicarbonate. Results showed an excellent swelling capacity of the ammonium Di-hydrogenocitrate and ammonium mono-hydrogenocitrate to produce a uniformly very not much porous product’s texture.
Keywords
Citric Acid, Ammonia, Ethanol, Crystallization, Co-solvent Crystallization, Ammonium Di-hydrogenocitrate, Ammonium Mono-hydrogenocitrate, Sodium Bicarbonate, Swelling Test
To cite this article
Andry Tahina Rabeharitsara, Maheriniaina Andriamasinoro Andriamandroso, Nambinina Richard Randriana, Rijalalaina Rakotosaona, Edouard Andrianarison, André Razafimandefitra, Baholy Robijaona, Ammonium Di-Hydrogenocitrate and Mono-Hydrogenocitrate Synthesis by Citric Acid Neutralization with Ammonia Using Ethanol as Co-Solvent for the Crystallization – Swelling Test to Confirm Gases Emissions Capacity, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 6-14. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20180601.12
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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