American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 7, Issue 3, June 2019, Pages: 104-109
Received: May 7, 2019;
Accepted: Jun. 13, 2019;
Published: Jul. 8, 2019
Views 466 Downloads 50
Zeng Zheng, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnolohy, Donghua University, Shanghai, China
Shao Yuwan, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnolohy, Donghua University, Shanghai, China
Li Xian, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnolohy, Donghua University, Shanghai, China
Du Juan, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnolohy, Donghua University, Shanghai, China
The method of determining short-chain chlorinated paraffins in textiles by GC-MS was established. Short-chain chlorinated paraffins, short for SCCPs, are a mixture of polychlorinated n-alkanes. These high production volume chemicals are widely used as leather coating, plasticizers for PVC and chlorinated rubber and flame retardants for plastics and textile. Due to their toxicity, as well as capacity for bioaccumulation and persistence in the environmental residue, SCCPs have become an obviously environmental issue. The current analytical equipment combination are very expensive and require a lot of laboratory space and advanced skills for operation, a ready-to-use commercially available method with relatively short time and satisfactory sensitivity urge to be established. In this new method, samples were extracted by n-hexane under ultrasonic followed by concentration and constant-volume and then identified by GC-MS and quantified by external standard method. With this method, a good linear relationship was found between 5 μg/mL ~30μg/mL with a linear correlation coefficient (R2) above 0.995. The detection limit for SCCPs by this method was found to be as low as 10mg/kg. The recoveries of SCCPs in textiles at three levels which covers low, media and high concentration ranges are ranged from 82.3% to 106.9% with relative standard deviation (RSD) of 3.41%~7.61%(RSD, N = 6).
Determination of Short Chain Chlorinated Paraffins in Textile Samples by GC-MS, American Journal of Applied Chemistry.
Vol. 7, No. 3,
2019, pp. 104-109.
Yuan, B.; Muir, D.; MacLeod, M., Methods for trace analysis of short-, medium-, and long-chain chlorinated paraffins: Critical review and recommendations. Anal Chim Acta 2019, 1074, 16-32.
Li, H.; Fu, J.; Pan, W.; Wang, P.; Li, Y.; Zhang, Q.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, A.; Liang, Y.; Jiang, G., Environmental behaviour of short-chain chlorinated paraffins in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems of Ny-Alesund and London Island, Svalbard, in the Arctic. Sci Total Environ 2017, 590-591, 163-170.
Casa, M. V.; van Mourik, L. M.; Weijs, L.; Mueller, J.; Nash, S. B., First detection of short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) in humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) foraging in Antarctic waters. Environ Pollut 2019, 250, 953-959.
Xin, S.; Gao, W.; Cao, D.; Lv, K.; Liu, Y.; Zhao, C.; Wang, Y.; Jiang, G., The thermal transformation mechanism of chlorinated paraffins: An experimental and density functional theory study. J Environ Sci (China) 2019, 75, 378-387.
Wang, X. T.; Jia, H. H.; Hu, B. P.; Cheng, H. X.; Zhou, Y.; Fu, R., Occurrence, sources, partitioning and ecological risk of short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins in river water and sediments in Shanghai. Sci Total Environ 2019, 653, 475-484.
van Mourik, L. M.; Gaus, C.; Leonards, P. E. G.; de Boer, J., Chlorinated paraffins in the environment: A review on their production, fate, levels and trends between 2010 and 2015. Chemosphere 2016, 155, 415-428.
Sun, R.; Luo, X.; Tang, B.; Li, Z.; Huang, L.; Wang, T.; Mai, B., Short-chain chlorinated paraffins in marine organisms from the Pearl River Estuary in South China: Residue levels and interspecies differences. Sci Total Environ 2016, 553, 196-203.
Li, H.; Li, J.; Li, H.; Yu, H.; Yang, L.; Chen, X.; Cai, Z., Seasonal variations and inhalation risk assessment of short-chain chlorinated paraffins in PM2.5 of Jinan, China. Environ Pollut 2019, 245, 325-330.
i, Q.; Cheng, X.; Cui, Y.; Sun, J.; Li, J.; Zhang, G., Short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins in the Henan section of the Yellow River: Occurrences, fates, and fluxes. Sci Total Environ 2018, 640-641, 1312-1319.
Kalinowska, K.; Lenartowicz, P.; Namiesnik, J.; Marc, M., Analytical procedures for short chain chlorinated paraffins determination - How to make them greener? Sci Total Environ 2019, 671, 309-323.
Gherghel, S.; Morgan, R. M.; Arrebola-Liebanas, J.; Romero-Gonzalez, R.; Blackman, C. S.; Garrido-Frenich, A.; Parkin, I. P., Development of a HS-SPME/GC-MS method for the analysis of volatile organic compounds from fabrics for forensic reconstruction applications. Forensic Sci Int 2018, 290, 207-218.
Ma, W.; Rajput, G.; Pan, M.; Lin, F.; Zhong, L.; Chen, G., Pyrolysis of typical MSW components by Py-GC/MS and TG-FTIR. Fuel 2019, 251, 693-708.
Parera, J.; Abalos, M.; Santos, F. J.; Galceran, M. T.; Abad, E., Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, biphenyls, paraffins and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in marine fish species from Ebro River Delta (Spain). Chemosphere 2013, 93 (3), 499-505.
Gao, Y.; Zhang, H.; Chen, J.; Zhang, Q.; Tian, Y.; Qi, P.; Yu, Z., Optimized cleanup method for the determination of short chain polychlorinated n-alkanes in sediments by high resolution gas chromatography/electron capture negative ion-low resolution mass spectrometry. Anal Chim Acta 2011, 703 (2), 187-93.
Luo, X. J.; Sun, Y. X.; Wu, J. P.; Chen, S. J.; Mai, B. X., Short-chain chlorinated paraffins in terrestrial bird species inhabiting an e-waste recycling site in South China. Environ Pollut 2015, 198, 41-6.
Ma, X.; Chen, C.; Zhang, H.; Gao, Y.; Wang, Z.; Yao, Z.; Chen, J.; Chen, J., Congener-specific distribution and bioaccumulation of short-chain chlorinated paraffins in sediments and bivalves of the Bohai Sea, China. Mar Pollut Bull 2014, 79 (1-2), 299-304.