Please enter verification code
The Effectiveness of Rain Water Harvesting for Sustainable Practices in West Hararghe Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
Engineering Science
Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages: 1-11
Received: Nov. 24, 2020; Accepted: Dec. 14, 2020; Published: Jan. 4, 2021
Views 23      Downloads 20
Dejene Teressa, College of Natural Resource and Environmental Science, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Hailu Mosisa, Water Resource and Irrigation Engineering Department, Institute of Technology, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
This study was conducted in West Hararghe Zone, Oromia regional state to evaluate rain water harvesting Effectiveness for sustainable practices. The data were collected from a total 336 household selected randomly. The data’s obtained were analyzed qualitatively. The study reviled that Rain water harvesting is one of the most important means to increase agricultural productivity and source of a domestic water supply for drought prone of Western Hararghe Zones. Specifically, in selected kebeles of Miesso district there is no access of perennial spring and river. Ground water also found at very deeper and can’t be extracted by their current economic and educational status. In line with this about 83.6% of the farmers were implemented rain water harvesting practices on their farm land and communal land to minimize the risks associated with scarcity of rainfall. From these value 97.3% were in Miesso district. In agreement with this, 54.8% of the house holders have been using roof top water harvesting system in this study area. Specifically, about 25% of the respondents use roof top water harvesting system in Miesso district. Additionally, about 30.1% of the farmers were constructed family pond on their farm land for vegetable/horticultural crop production, cash crops (chat) and also for livestock. Contour ridges were implemented by 89.3% and 92.4% of the farmers in Miesso and Habro districts, respectively. Similarly, 73.8% of the respondents in the study area were implemented flood water diversion to their farm land. Accordingly, 30.8% and 20.5% of the respondents from Habro and Miesso district state preferred flooding WH system than others techniques.
Water Harvesting, Performance, Serviceable, Challenges
To cite this article
Dejene Teressa, Hailu Mosisa, The Effectiveness of Rain Water Harvesting for Sustainable Practices in West Hararghe Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia, Engineering Science. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2021, pp. 1-11. doi: 10.11648/
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Awulachew, S. B., Merrey, D. J., Kamara, A. B., Van Koppen, B., Penning de Vries, F., Boelee, E., and Makombe, G. (2005). Experiences and Opportunities for Promoting Small-Scale/Micro Irrigation and Rainwater Harvesting for Food Security in Ethiopia. IWMI Working Paper 98. Colombo, Sri Lanka: IWMI. 86pp.
Boer Thm and Ben-Asher j (1982). A review of rainwater harvest¬ing. Agric. Water Manage. 5 145-158. FINKLE AND MICHAEL SERGERROS, 1995. Water Harvesting. Proceedings of the SADC ELMS practical.
Braune E, Xu Y (2010). The role of ground water in sub-Saharan Africa. Ground Water 48: 229–238. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6584. 2009.00557.
Bureau of Agriculture (BOA), Amhara Region, 2002. Manual on the construction of rainwater harvesting structures. Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. 94p.
Chala, H. M. Jiru, B. (2019). A Geographic Information System Based Soil Erosion Assessment for Conservation Planning at West Hararghe, Eastern Ethiopia. Civil and environmental research, 11, 8-26.
Daniel Kassahun. (2007) RWH in Ethiopia: Capturing the realities and exploring opportunities. FSS research reports No 1. FSS (Forum for Social Studies), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Gary W. F., 1994. Water harvesting for improved agricultural production. Water report No. 3. (FAO proceedings. Cairo, 21_ 25 Nov/1993.)
Heyworth J. S.; Glonek, G.; Maynard, E. J.; Baghurst, P. A.; & Finlay-Jones, J., 2006. Consumption of Untreated Tank Rainwater and Gastroenteritis Among Young Children in South Australia. International Journal of Epidemiology, 35: 4: 1051.
Neguse Haile (2008) Rainwater harvesting in Ethiopia: Technical and Socio-economic potentials and constraints for adoption in Wukro District. Unpublished MSc thesis, Montpellier, France.
Ngigi, S. N. (2003). Rainwater harvesting for improved food security: Promising technologies in the Greater Horn of Africa. Greater Horn of Africa Rainwater Partnership (GHARP), Kenya Rainwater Association (KRA), Nairobi, Kenya. 266.". In: Proceedings of 3rd Int. Conference on bearing capacity of roads and airfields PP: 743-756, Trondeihm, Norway Longhorn; 2003.
Vohland, K & Barry, B (2009). A Review of In situ rainwater harvesting (RWH) practices modifying landscape functions in African dry lands, Agricultural Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 131, Pp. 119-12 Water Management for Red Soils in India. Doctoral Thesis, Agric. Univ. Wageningen, NL.
Lamola, A. A. and Yamane, T., 1967. Sensitized photodimerization of thymine in DNA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 58 (2), p. 443.
Getaneh, M., & Tsigae, A. (2013). Comparative analysis of lining materials for reduction of seepage in water harvesting structures.
Tamrie, Y., Hanna, E. and Argaw, M. (2015) Determinants of Long Acting Reversible Contraception Method Use among Mothers in Extended Postpartum Period, Durame Town, Southern Ethiopia: A Cross Sectional Community Based Survey. Health, 7, 1315-1326. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.710146.
Yohannes, Mekonnen & Haile, Mitiku. (2010). The Potential of in situ Rain Water Harvesting for Water Resources Conservation on Malaria Transmission in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science. 2. 10.4314/mejs.v2i2.57675.
Castelli, Giulio & Minelli, Andrea & Tefera, Meron & Bresci, Elena & Yazew, Eyasu & Embaye, Tesfa-alem & Tesfay, Mulugeta. (2017). Impacts of Rainwater Harvesting and Rainwater Management on Upstream – Downstream Agricultural Ecosystem Services in Two Catchments of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia. Chemical Engineering Transactions. 58. 10.3303/CET1758115.
Yosef, B. A., & Asmamaw, D. K. (2015). Rainwater harvesting: An option for dry land agriculture in arid and semi-arid Ethiopia. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, 7 (2), 17-28.
putra, m. h. s. (2020). penerapan rain water harvesting dalam menyediakan air domestik dan mengurangi debit drainase di daerah perkotaan (doctoral dissertation, universitas lampung).
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186