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An Evolutionary Continuity Principle for Evolutionary System of Organism Divisions

Evolutionary research is guided by the scientific basis of organism evolution. To overcome the limitations of being partial and subjective in the tree of life or phylogenetic system, the authors proposed a basic principle of organism evolution, evolutionary continuity principle. Based on this principle, the evolutions can be divided into two basic forms: vertical evolution and horizontal evolution. The vertical evolution is that evolution of the structures and features of organisms from non-existent to entirety, from simple to complex, or from primitive to advanced. The evolutionary course of vertical evolution can be divided into two or three significantly different phases, such as plants: the non-vascular → the vascular, non-seed → Gymnospermophyta→ Fructophyta, and the animals: Proenteratozoa → Coelenteratozoa → Euenterata, Prochordatozoa → Chordatozoa → Vertebrognathozoa. The horizontal evolution is that evolution of structures and features from loose to compact, from inefficient to efficient, or from primitive to advanced, which can also cause significant organism changes, such as Nudembryophyta (Plantae) → Proenteratozoa (Animalia), Bacterophyla → Acytophyla. Based on the continuity principle, the new evolutionary taxonomical system of divisions was established and the evolutionary diagram was drawn. The new system includes 20 divisions in three kingdoms, and 11 of those divisions are new. These are: I. Regnum Microbia D. L. Fu: 1.Cyanoalgophyla D. L. Fu & H. Fu, phyl. nov., 2. Bacterophyla D. L. Fu & H. Fu, phyl. nov., 3. Acytophyla D. L. Fu, 4.Monoalgophyla D. L. Fu & H. Fu, phyl. nov., 5. Monomycophyla D. L. Fu & H. Fu, phyl. nov., 6.Eualgophyla D. L. Fu & H. Fu, phyl. nov., 7. Fungophyla D. L. Fu & H. Fu, phyl. nov.; II. Regnum Plantae L. emend. D. L. Fu: 8. Nudembryophyta D. L. Fu, 9.Bryophyta, 10. Pteridophyta, 11. Gymnospermophyta D. L. Fu & H. Fu, phyl.nov., 12. Fructophyta D. L. Fu & H. Fu, phyl. nov.; III. Regnum Animalia L. emend. D. L. Fu: 13. Proenteratozoa D. L. Fu & H. Fu, phyl. nov., 14. Coelenteratozoa, 15.Nematozoa, 16. Annelidozoa, 17. Arthropodozoa, 18. Prochordatozoa D. L. Fu & H. Fu, phyl. nov., 19. Chordatozoa, 20.Vertebrognathozoa D. L. Fu & H. Fu, phyl. nov.. The new evolutionary theory, new evolutionary taxa and new evolutionary system can provide scientific bases for Evolutionomy, a new science of organism evolution.

Evolutionary Continuity Principle, Evolutionomy, Evolutionary System, Organism Division, New Evolutionary Taxa

Da-Li Fu, Hao Fu. (2018). An Evolutionary Continuity Principle for Evolutionary System of Organism Divisions. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 6(3), 60-64.

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