Advances in Sciences and Humanities

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Revealing Unknown Facts About the History of the Deportation of the Chechens and the Ingush to Middle Asia and Kazakhstan

Received: Dec. 06, 2022    Accepted: Jan. 05, 2023    Published: May 22, 2023
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Abstract

This article is devoted to the detection of unknown facts about the deportation of Chechens and Ingush from the territory of their residence in Chechen Republic to Middle Asia and Kazakhstan. The relevance of the topic of deported peoples is important for the world community as a whole, because an in-depth study of the mistakes made in those years, will make it possible not to make them in the future. At the moment the topic of the deportations of the Caucasian peoples has not yet been thoroughly studied, the whole range of problems that the deported peoples had to face has not yet been fully elucidated. Until recently, the study of this issue was seriously hampered by the extreme narrowness of the source base. It is important to note the fact that there are quite different approaches to the study of the topic of deportations, and the works devoted to this problem are quite diverse in their methodological essence. During the research I tried to reveal unknown facts about the deportation. As a result of the conducted studies, based on historical facts and archival data, I have identified various versions of the reasons for the deportation and the expulsion of peoples to Central Asia and Kazakhstan. The actual data as well as the versions proposed by the Soviet leadership have been studied.

DOI 10.11648/j.ash.20230902.11
Published in Advances in Sciences and Humanities ( Volume 9, Issue 2, June 2023 )
Page(s) 19-22
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

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Keywords

Deportation, Chechens, Ingushs, USSR, Soviet Russia, Stalin

References
[1] Joachim Hoffman. Caucasian 1942 – 43. Dasdeutschen Heer und der Orientfolker der Soujetunion. Veriag Rombach Freiburg, 1991.
[2] Nicolas Werth. State Violence in Stalin’s Regime: Outline for an Inventory and Classification. Pages 400-419. (The Historiography of Genocide edited by Dan Stone. Palgrave Macmillan, London 2008).
[3] Snyder T. Bloodlands. Europe between Hitler and Stalin. Basic Books, 2010, 524 p.
[4] Genocides against Turkic-muslim ethnicities in XX century. Materials of the 4th International Scientific Conference. 22-27 april 2017, Republic of Azerbaijan, Lankaran city.
[5] Abdurakhmanov D. B., Muzaev M. N., Bugaev A. M., Schepelev V. N., Osmaev A. D. Restoration of Checheno-Ingush ASSR. – Nalchik: “Printing Yard”, 2013.
[6] Alieva S. U. It was like this. National repressions in USSR 1919-1952. Nalchik, 2012.
[7] Bozhedomov A. I. The deportation of the ingush and the chechens: Archival Chronicle: January 1943 - 1944. М. 2014. 212.
[8] Kozlov V. A., Kozlova M. Y., Benvenuti F. Paradoxes of ethnic survival. Stalin's exile and repatriation of Chechens and Ingush after World War II. Nestor - History, 128, 2016.
[9] Muzaev M. Raid // “United Newspaper”. №16. Grozny, 2004.
[10] Saktaganova Z. G. “Fragments of memories of deported women: adaptation and life in Kazakhstan” // World of Big Altai. 2019. № 5.
[11] Williams, B. G., 2000, “The Ethnic Cleansing of the Chechens. An analysis of the 1944 Deportation of the Chechens and the role of Communal Trauma in the Post-Soviet Russo-Chechen Wars”, Turkestan Newsletter – Turkistan Bulteni, 4, 154:
[12] Campana Aurelie (2007), The Massive Deportation of the Chechen People: How And Why Chechens Were Deported. SciencesPo. Retrieved Nov 2022 from https://www.sciencespo.fr/mass-violence-war-massacre-resistance/fr/document/massive-deportation-chechen-people-how-and-why-chechens-were-deported.html
[13] Mairbek Vatchagaev (2009) Remembering the 1944 Deportation: Chechnya’s Holocaust. North Caucasus Weekly Volume: 8 Issue: 8. Retrieved Nov 2022 from https://jamestown.org/program/remembering-the-1944-deportation-chechnyas-holocaust-2/
[14] Committee of Foreign Affairs. A resolution of the European Parliament regarding relations between the Russian Federation and the European Union, February 24, 2004.
[15] Maryam Moghaddami (2022) Deportation Remembrance Day of the Chechens and Ingush, Folkways. The Roots and Influence of Modern Cultures. Retrieved Nov 2022 from https://folkways.today/deportation-remembrance-chechens-ingush/
[16] Sapiyat Saypuddinovna Tsutsulaeva (2021), Deported Chechens And Ingush Return And Their Autonomy Restoration. Knowledge, Man and Civilization. Retrieved Nov 2022 from https://www.europeanproceedings.com/article/10.15405/epsbs.2021.05.344
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  • APA Style

    Gunel Taghizade. (2023). Revealing Unknown Facts About the History of the Deportation of the Chechens and the Ingush to Middle Asia and Kazakhstan. Advances in Sciences and Humanities, 9(2), 19-22. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ash.20230902.11

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    ACS Style

    Gunel Taghizade. Revealing Unknown Facts About the History of the Deportation of the Chechens and the Ingush to Middle Asia and Kazakhstan. Adv. Sci. Humanit. 2023, 9(2), 19-22. doi: 10.11648/j.ash.20230902.11

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    AMA Style

    Gunel Taghizade. Revealing Unknown Facts About the History of the Deportation of the Chechens and the Ingush to Middle Asia and Kazakhstan. Adv Sci Humanit. 2023;9(2):19-22. doi: 10.11648/j.ash.20230902.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ash.20230902.11,
      author = {Gunel Taghizade},
      title = {Revealing Unknown Facts About the History of the Deportation of the Chechens and the Ingush to Middle Asia and Kazakhstan},
      journal = {Advances in Sciences and Humanities},
      volume = {9},
      number = {2},
      pages = {19-22},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ash.20230902.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ash.20230902.11},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ash.20230902.11},
      abstract = {This article is devoted to the detection of unknown facts about the deportation of Chechens and Ingush from the territory of their residence in Chechen Republic to Middle Asia and Kazakhstan. The relevance of the topic of deported peoples is important for the world community as a whole, because an in-depth study of the mistakes made in those years, will make it possible not to make them in the future. At the moment the topic of the deportations of the Caucasian peoples has not yet been thoroughly studied, the whole range of problems that the deported peoples had to face has not yet been fully elucidated. Until recently, the study of this issue was seriously hampered by the extreme narrowness of the source base. It is important to note the fact that there are quite different approaches to the study of the topic of deportations, and the works devoted to this problem are quite diverse in their methodological essence. During the research I tried to reveal unknown facts about the deportation. As a result of the conducted studies, based on historical facts and archival data, I have identified various versions of the reasons for the deportation and the expulsion of peoples to Central Asia and Kazakhstan. The actual data as well as the versions proposed by the Soviet leadership have been studied.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    AB  - This article is devoted to the detection of unknown facts about the deportation of Chechens and Ingush from the territory of their residence in Chechen Republic to Middle Asia and Kazakhstan. The relevance of the topic of deported peoples is important for the world community as a whole, because an in-depth study of the mistakes made in those years, will make it possible not to make them in the future. At the moment the topic of the deportations of the Caucasian peoples has not yet been thoroughly studied, the whole range of problems that the deported peoples had to face has not yet been fully elucidated. Until recently, the study of this issue was seriously hampered by the extreme narrowness of the source base. It is important to note the fact that there are quite different approaches to the study of the topic of deportations, and the works devoted to this problem are quite diverse in their methodological essence. During the research I tried to reveal unknown facts about the deportation. As a result of the conducted studies, based on historical facts and archival data, I have identified various versions of the reasons for the deportation and the expulsion of peoples to Central Asia and Kazakhstan. The actual data as well as the versions proposed by the Soviet leadership have been studied.
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Author Information
  • National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of History, Baku, Azerbaijan

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