Applied Engineering

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Development of a New Aerodynamic Method for the Mechanical Characterization of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine

Received: 14 October 2023    Accepted: 31 October 2023    Published: 11 November 2023
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Abstract

The aim of this work is to propose a new method for calculating the aerodynamic forces of wind turbine blades and the power developed by them. To this end, the blade element momentum, prescribed wake and free wake methods were compared for speed ranges from 5 to 20m/s. The two-bladed NREL PHASE IV wind turbine with profile S 809 was used as the physical model, with the polars extrapolated to 90° using the Viterna method and then extended from -180 to 180° using flat theory. The largest error in power output was 47% at 5 m/s using PVM, the second largest was 16% at 10 m/s using BEM, and the third largest was 13% at 10 m/s using FVM. In or-der to reduce the percentage error of the PVM, the phenomen of vortex core growth has been in-tegrated into this method. The error at 5m/s was reduced from 47% to 8.29%, and the maximum error of the modified method was 9.19% observed at 18m/s. The new method was then compared to the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equation from the literature for the same velocity range. The maximum error observed was 8% at 10m/s for the RANS and 9.19% at 18 m/s for the new method.

DOI 10.11648/j.ae.20230702.12
Published in Applied Engineering (Volume 7, Issue 2, December 2023)
Page(s) 37-46
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Aerodynamic Modeling, Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine, BEM, PVM, FVM

References
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Yuego, C., Tientcheu Nsiewe, M., Matuam Tamdem, B., Gnepie-Takam, N., Kuitche, A. (2023). Development of a New Aerodynamic Method for the Mechanical Characterization of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine. Applied Engineering, 7(2), 37-46. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ae.20230702.12

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    ACS Style

    Yuego, C.; Tientcheu Nsiewe, M.; Matuam Tamdem, B.; Gnepie-Takam, N.; Kuitche, A. Development of a New Aerodynamic Method for the Mechanical Characterization of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine. Appl. Eng. 2023, 7(2), 37-46. doi: 10.11648/j.ae.20230702.12

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    AMA Style

    Yuego C, Tientcheu Nsiewe M, Matuam Tamdem B, Gnepie-Takam N, Kuitche A. Development of a New Aerodynamic Method for the Mechanical Characterization of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine. Appl Eng. 2023;7(2):37-46. doi: 10.11648/j.ae.20230702.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ae.20230702.12,
      author = {Choupo Yuego and Maxwell Tientcheu Nsiewe and Balbine Matuam Tamdem and Nicolas Gnepie-Takam and Alexis Kuitche},
      title = {Development of a New Aerodynamic Method for the Mechanical Characterization of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine},
      journal = {Applied Engineering},
      volume = {7},
      number = {2},
      pages = {37-46},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ae.20230702.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ae.20230702.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ae.20230702.12},
      abstract = {The aim of this work is to propose a new method for calculating the aerodynamic forces of wind turbine blades and the power developed by them. To this end, the blade element momentum, prescribed wake and free wake methods were compared for speed ranges from 5 to 20m/s. The two-bladed NREL PHASE IV wind turbine with profile S 809 was used as the physical model, with the polars extrapolated to 90° using the Viterna method and then extended from -180 to 180° using flat theory. The largest error in power output was 47% at 5 m/s using PVM, the second largest was 16% at 10 m/s using BEM, and the third largest was 13% at 10 m/s using FVM. In or-der to reduce the percentage error of the PVM, the phenomen of vortex core growth has been in-tegrated into this method. The error at 5m/s was reduced from 47% to 8.29%, and the maximum error of the modified method was 9.19% observed at 18m/s. The new method was then compared to the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equation from the literature for the same velocity range. The maximum error observed was 8% at 10m/s for the RANS and 9.19% at 18 m/s for the new method.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Development of a New Aerodynamic Method for the Mechanical Characterization of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine
    AU  - Choupo Yuego
    AU  - Maxwell Tientcheu Nsiewe
    AU  - Balbine Matuam Tamdem
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    Y1  - 2023/11/11
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    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ae.20230702.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ae.20230702.12
    T2  - Applied Engineering
    JF  - Applied Engineering
    JO  - Applied Engineering
    SP  - 37
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2994-7456
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ae.20230702.12
    AB  - The aim of this work is to propose a new method for calculating the aerodynamic forces of wind turbine blades and the power developed by them. To this end, the blade element momentum, prescribed wake and free wake methods were compared for speed ranges from 5 to 20m/s. The two-bladed NREL PHASE IV wind turbine with profile S 809 was used as the physical model, with the polars extrapolated to 90° using the Viterna method and then extended from -180 to 180° using flat theory. The largest error in power output was 47% at 5 m/s using PVM, the second largest was 16% at 10 m/s using BEM, and the third largest was 13% at 10 m/s using FVM. In or-der to reduce the percentage error of the PVM, the phenomen of vortex core growth has been in-tegrated into this method. The error at 5m/s was reduced from 47% to 8.29%, and the maximum error of the modified method was 9.19% observed at 18m/s. The new method was then compared to the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equation from the literature for the same velocity range. The maximum error observed was 8% at 10m/s for the RANS and 9.19% at 18 m/s for the new method.
    
    VL  - 7
    IS  - 2
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Laboratory of Energetics and Applied Thermics, High National School of Agro-Industrial Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon

  • Laboratory of Energetics and Applied Thermics, High National School of Agro-Industrial Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon; School of Chemical Engineering and Mineral Industries, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon

  • Laboratory of Energetics and Applied Thermics, High National School of Agro-Industrial Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon

  • Laboratory of Energetics and Applied Thermics, High National School of Agro-Industrial Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon

  • Laboratory of Energetics and Applied Thermics, High National School of Agro-Industrial Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon

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