The main novel part of the paper is to identify the 16 extra bosonic dimensions of the Heterotic string theory with the negative signature of K3 Kähler manifold and these in turn are the source of pure dark energy.Guided by the basic ideas and structure of heterotic string theory we establish an energy density triality, which add together to the theoretically expected energy density based on Einstein’s relativity. Thus Einstein’s famous formula E = mc ^{2} is found in integer approximation to be the sum of three sectors, namely where is the ordinary energy density, is the dark matter energy density and is the pure dark energy density where m is the mass, c is the velocity of light and 16 is the number of heterotic strings extra bosons. We demonstrate further that strictly speaking dark matter is weakly coupled with pure dark energy and that while dark matter and ordinary energy are attracting in the conventional way, pure dark energy has an opposite sign similar to the extra 16 dimensions of heterotic strings making it act effectively in the opposite direction in conformity with the negative sign and magnitude of the corresponding K3 Kähler manifold.
Published in | American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (Volume 5, Issue 2) |
DOI | 10.11648/j.ajaa.20170502.12 |
Page(s) | 21-24 |
Creative Commons |
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited. |
Copyright |
Copyright © The Author(s), 2017. Published by Science Publishing Group |
Heterotic Strings, David Gross 16 Extra Dimensions, Pure Dark Energy, Dark Matter, Kaluza-Klein Theories, Fractal Spacetime, E-infinity Theory
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APA Style
Mohamed S. El Naschie. (2017). From the Heterotic String Quartet to the Cosmic Dark Matter, Dark Energy and Ordinary Energy Symphony. American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 5(2), 21-24. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajaa.20170502.12
ACS Style
Mohamed S. El Naschie. From the Heterotic String Quartet to the Cosmic Dark Matter, Dark Energy and Ordinary Energy Symphony. Am. J. Astron. Astrophys. 2017, 5(2), 21-24. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaa.20170502.12
AMA Style
Mohamed S. El Naschie. From the Heterotic String Quartet to the Cosmic Dark Matter, Dark Energy and Ordinary Energy Symphony. Am J Astron Astrophys. 2017;5(2):21-24. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaa.20170502.12
@article{10.11648/j.ajaa.20170502.12, author = {Mohamed S. El Naschie}, title = {From the Heterotic String Quartet to the Cosmic Dark Matter, Dark Energy and Ordinary Energy Symphony}, journal = {American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics}, volume = {5}, number = {2}, pages = {21-24}, doi = {10.11648/j.ajaa.20170502.12}, url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajaa.20170502.12}, eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajaa.20170502.12}, abstract = {The main novel part of the paper is to identify the 16 extra bosonic dimensions of the Heterotic string theory with the negative signature of K3 Kähler manifold and these in turn are the source of pure dark energy.Guided by the basic ideas and structure of heterotic string theory we establish an energy density triality, which add together to the theoretically expected energy density based on Einstein’s relativity. Thus Einstein’s famous formula E = mc 2 is found in integer approximation to be the sum of three sectors, namely where is the ordinary energy density, is the dark matter energy density and is the pure dark energy density where m is the mass, c is the velocity of light and 16 is the number of heterotic strings extra bosons. We demonstrate further that strictly speaking dark matter is weakly coupled with pure dark energy and that while dark matter and ordinary energy are attracting in the conventional way, pure dark energy has an opposite sign similar to the extra 16 dimensions of heterotic strings making it act effectively in the opposite direction in conformity with the negative sign and magnitude of the corresponding K3 Kähler manifold.}, year = {2017} }
TY - JOUR T1 - From the Heterotic String Quartet to the Cosmic Dark Matter, Dark Energy and Ordinary Energy Symphony AU - Mohamed S. El Naschie Y1 - 2017/04/10 PY - 2017 N1 - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajaa.20170502.12 DO - 10.11648/j.ajaa.20170502.12 T2 - American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics JF - American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics JO - American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics SP - 21 EP - 24 PB - Science Publishing Group SN - 2376-4686 UR - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajaa.20170502.12 AB - The main novel part of the paper is to identify the 16 extra bosonic dimensions of the Heterotic string theory with the negative signature of K3 Kähler manifold and these in turn are the source of pure dark energy.Guided by the basic ideas and structure of heterotic string theory we establish an energy density triality, which add together to the theoretically expected energy density based on Einstein’s relativity. Thus Einstein’s famous formula E = mc 2 is found in integer approximation to be the sum of three sectors, namely where is the ordinary energy density, is the dark matter energy density and is the pure dark energy density where m is the mass, c is the velocity of light and 16 is the number of heterotic strings extra bosons. We demonstrate further that strictly speaking dark matter is weakly coupled with pure dark energy and that while dark matter and ordinary energy are attracting in the conventional way, pure dark energy has an opposite sign similar to the extra 16 dimensions of heterotic strings making it act effectively in the opposite direction in conformity with the negative sign and magnitude of the corresponding K3 Kähler manifold. VL - 5 IS - 2 ER -