American Journal of Life Sciences

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Dimethoate Induced Changes in Serum Ca2+ and Corpuscles of Stannius in Freshwater Catfish Heteropneustes fossilis, after Short-Term and Long-Term Exposure

Received: 8 December 2014    Accepted: 23 December 2014    Published: 28 January 2015
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Abstract

The Corpuscles of Stannius (CS) exclusively present in bony fishes, produce Stanniocalcin – an anti-hypercalcemic hormone. Fish are in intimate contact with their surrounding through their gills. Gills are the main target of stanniocalcin; therefore, the activity of CS is influenced by many external and internal factors. Stressful conditions such as exposure to various pesticides disturb the ionic balance in fishes. Short-term (96 h) and long-term (36 d) toxic effect of an organophosphate insecticide, dimethoate was studied on serum Ca2+ and CS histology in freshwater air-breathing catfish Heteropneustes fossilis. The concentration of dimethoate for short-term exposure was 2.24 mg L-1 (75% of 96 h LC50) and for long-term was 0.75 mg L-1 (25% of 96 h LC50). Fish exhibited hypocalcaemia in both the short-term as well as in long-term experiment. The glandular cells of CS in short-term experiment, exhibited increase in the nuclear volume (NV) along with increase in the nucleoli number after 24 h and thereafter, show decrease in NV and deformity of nucleus after 96 h dimethoate exposure. In long-term experiment, the NV increased following 6 d of exposure to dimethoate, but decreased significantly thereafter. The gland exhibited degeneration after 36 d of dimethoate exposure.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajls.20150301.14
Published in American Journal of Life Sciences (Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015)
Page(s) 17-21
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Dimethoate, Calcium, Corpuscles of Stannius, Heteropneustes fossilis

References
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[14] Srivastav AK, Srivastava SK, Tripathi S, Mishra D, Srivastav SK, Chlorpyrifos-based commercial formulation: alterations in corpuscles of Stannius of catfish, Int J Environ Health, 4(4): 323-332, 2010.
[15] Available at:http://www.who.int/whopes/quality/en/Dimethoate_eval_specs_WHO_June_2012.pdf
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[20] Singh NN, Das VK, Srivastav AK, Formothion and propoxur induced ionic imbalance and skeletal deformity in a catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis, J Environ Biol, 18: 357-63, 1997.
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[24] Prasad MR, Kumar A, Mishra D, Srivastav SK, Srivastav AK, Blood electrolytes of the freshwater catfish Heteropneustes fossilis in response to treatment with a botanical pesticide (latex of Euphorbia royleana), Integrat Zool, 6(2): 150-156, 2011.
[25] Rai R, Tripathi S, Mishra D, Srivastav SK, Srivastav AK, Cadmium-induced changes in the corpuscles of Stannius of a freshwater teleost, Heteropneustes fossilis, Egypt J Biol, 12: 74-80. 2010.
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    Rakesh Kumar Pandey, Vijai Krishna Das. (2015). Dimethoate Induced Changes in Serum Ca2+ and Corpuscles of Stannius in Freshwater Catfish Heteropneustes fossilis, after Short-Term and Long-Term Exposure. American Journal of Life Sciences, 3(1), 17-21. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajls.20150301.14

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    ACS Style

    Rakesh Kumar Pandey; Vijai Krishna Das. Dimethoate Induced Changes in Serum Ca2+ and Corpuscles of Stannius in Freshwater Catfish Heteropneustes fossilis, after Short-Term and Long-Term Exposure. Am. J. Life Sci. 2015, 3(1), 17-21. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20150301.14

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    AMA Style

    Rakesh Kumar Pandey, Vijai Krishna Das. Dimethoate Induced Changes in Serum Ca2+ and Corpuscles of Stannius in Freshwater Catfish Heteropneustes fossilis, after Short-Term and Long-Term Exposure. Am J Life Sci. 2015;3(1):17-21. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20150301.14

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajls.20150301.14,
      author = {Rakesh Kumar Pandey and Vijai Krishna Das},
      title = {Dimethoate Induced Changes in Serum Ca2+ and Corpuscles of Stannius in Freshwater Catfish Heteropneustes fossilis, after Short-Term and Long-Term Exposure},
      journal = {American Journal of Life Sciences},
      volume = {3},
      number = {1},
      pages = {17-21},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajls.20150301.14},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajls.20150301.14},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajls.20150301.14},
      abstract = {The Corpuscles of Stannius (CS) exclusively present in bony fishes, produce Stanniocalcin – an anti-hypercalcemic hormone. Fish are in intimate contact with their surrounding through their gills. Gills are the main target of stanniocalcin; therefore, the activity of CS is influenced by many external and internal factors. Stressful conditions such as exposure to various pesticides disturb the ionic balance in fishes. Short-term (96 h) and long-term (36 d) toxic effect of an organophosphate insecticide, dimethoate was studied on serum Ca2+ and CS histology in freshwater air-breathing catfish Heteropneustes fossilis. The concentration of dimethoate for short-term exposure was 2.24 mg L-1 (75% of 96 h LC50) and for long-term was 0.75 mg L-1 (25% of 96 h LC50). Fish exhibited hypocalcaemia in both the short-term as well as in long-term experiment. The glandular cells of CS in short-term experiment, exhibited increase in the nuclear volume (NV) along with increase in the nucleoli number after 24 h and thereafter, show decrease in NV and deformity of nucleus after 96 h dimethoate exposure. In long-term experiment, the NV increased following 6 d of exposure to dimethoate, but decreased significantly thereafter. The gland exhibited degeneration after 36 d of dimethoate exposure.},
     year = {2015}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Dimethoate Induced Changes in Serum Ca2+ and Corpuscles of Stannius in Freshwater Catfish Heteropneustes fossilis, after Short-Term and Long-Term Exposure
    AU  - Rakesh Kumar Pandey
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    Y1  - 2015/01/28
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    T2  - American Journal of Life Sciences
    JF  - American Journal of Life Sciences
    JO  - American Journal of Life Sciences
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajls.20150301.14
    AB  - The Corpuscles of Stannius (CS) exclusively present in bony fishes, produce Stanniocalcin – an anti-hypercalcemic hormone. Fish are in intimate contact with their surrounding through their gills. Gills are the main target of stanniocalcin; therefore, the activity of CS is influenced by many external and internal factors. Stressful conditions such as exposure to various pesticides disturb the ionic balance in fishes. Short-term (96 h) and long-term (36 d) toxic effect of an organophosphate insecticide, dimethoate was studied on serum Ca2+ and CS histology in freshwater air-breathing catfish Heteropneustes fossilis. The concentration of dimethoate for short-term exposure was 2.24 mg L-1 (75% of 96 h LC50) and for long-term was 0.75 mg L-1 (25% of 96 h LC50). Fish exhibited hypocalcaemia in both the short-term as well as in long-term experiment. The glandular cells of CS in short-term experiment, exhibited increase in the nuclear volume (NV) along with increase in the nucleoli number after 24 h and thereafter, show decrease in NV and deformity of nucleus after 96 h dimethoate exposure. In long-term experiment, the NV increased following 6 d of exposure to dimethoate, but decreased significantly thereafter. The gland exhibited degeneration after 36 d of dimethoate exposure.
    VL  - 3
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Zoology, Kamla Nehru Institute of Physical & Social Sciences, Sultanpur - 228118, U. P., India

  • Department of Zoology, Kamla Nehru Institute of Physical & Social Sciences, Sultanpur - 228118, U. P., India

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