American Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering

Research Article | | Peer-Reviewed |

Exploring the Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Wind Environment Simulation in the Layout of Port Operation Areas

Received: 4 October 2023    Accepted: 2 November 2023    Published: 11 November 2023
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Abstract

The wind environment in port areas not only affects port planning and layout but also constrains the navigation time window during operations. During the engineering certification process for port construction, typically only monthly and yearly climatic characteristics of hydrological and meteorological conditions, as well as statistical conclusions on the main weather systems causing high winds and waves in the region, can be considered. These data alone cannot represent the wind and wave distribution in specific operational areas. Sometimes, it is necessary to refer to the wind and wave characteristics of the operational waters for specific port operation point selection. In such cases, remote sensing or simulation techniques, such as computational fluid dynamics (CFD), are used to infer the wind and wave distribution characteristics. Taking Shanghai Yangshan Deepwater Port as an example, the design of the pilot boarding point for strong winds and waves is located near the main channel, providing limited protection against high winds and waves. On average, there are 11.9 instances of pilot traffic control caused by high winds and waves each year. To mitigate the impact of severe weather on port operations, it is proposed to move the temporary boarding point for pilots in strong winds and waves westward to the east gate closer to the port area. Traditional hydrological and meteorological statistical data cannot support the selection of the new area, so it was decided to use CFD technology to simulate the wind environment in the relevant island and reef area and analyze the wind field distribution under different wind directions. Combined with the three-year statistical data from the meteorological station on Xiaoyangshan Island, a new area for the temporary pilot boarding point was selected. The CFD wind environment simulation results provided the primary technical support for determining the reference area.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajtte.20230806.11
Published in American Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2023)
Page(s) 128-134
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Pilot Boarding Points, Island and Reef Areas, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Wind Environment Simulation

References
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  • APA Style

    Chen, L., Wu, D., Shen, C. (2023). Exploring the Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Wind Environment Simulation in the Layout of Port Operation Areas. American Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 8(6), 128-134. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajtte.20230806.11

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    ACS Style

    Chen, L.; Wu, D.; Shen, C. Exploring the Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Wind Environment Simulation in the Layout of Port Operation Areas. Am. J. Traffic Transp. Eng. 2023, 8(6), 128-134. doi: 10.11648/j.ajtte.20230806.11

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    AMA Style

    Chen L, Wu D, Shen C. Exploring the Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Wind Environment Simulation in the Layout of Port Operation Areas. Am J Traffic Transp Eng. 2023;8(6):128-134. doi: 10.11648/j.ajtte.20230806.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajtte.20230806.11,
      author = {Lixiong Chen and Dongkui Wu and Chun Shen},
      title = {Exploring the Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Wind Environment Simulation in the Layout of Port Operation Areas},
      journal = {American Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering},
      volume = {8},
      number = {6},
      pages = {128-134},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajtte.20230806.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajtte.20230806.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajtte.20230806.11},
      abstract = {The wind environment in port areas not only affects port planning and layout but also constrains the navigation time window during operations. During the engineering certification process for port construction, typically only monthly and yearly climatic characteristics of hydrological and meteorological conditions, as well as statistical conclusions on the main weather systems causing high winds and waves in the region, can be considered. These data alone cannot represent the wind and wave distribution in specific operational areas. Sometimes, it is necessary to refer to the wind and wave characteristics of the operational waters for specific port operation point selection. In such cases, remote sensing or simulation techniques, such as computational fluid dynamics (CFD), are used to infer the wind and wave distribution characteristics. Taking Shanghai Yangshan Deepwater Port as an example, the design of the pilot boarding point for strong winds and waves is located near the main channel, providing limited protection against high winds and waves. On average, there are 11.9 instances of pilot traffic control caused by high winds and waves each year. To mitigate the impact of severe weather on port operations, it is proposed to move the temporary boarding point for pilots in strong winds and waves westward to the east gate closer to the port area. Traditional hydrological and meteorological statistical data cannot support the selection of the new area, so it was decided to use CFD technology to simulate the wind environment in the relevant island and reef area and analyze the wind field distribution under different wind directions. Combined with the three-year statistical data from the meteorological station on Xiaoyangshan Island, a new area for the temporary pilot boarding point was selected. The CFD wind environment simulation results provided the primary technical support for determining the reference area.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Exploring the Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Wind Environment Simulation in the Layout of Port Operation Areas
    AU  - Lixiong Chen
    AU  - Dongkui Wu
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    Y1  - 2023/11/11
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    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajtte.20230806.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajtte.20230806.11
    T2  - American Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering
    JF  - American Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering
    JO  - American Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering
    SP  - 128
    EP  - 134
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2578-8604
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajtte.20230806.11
    AB  - The wind environment in port areas not only affects port planning and layout but also constrains the navigation time window during operations. During the engineering certification process for port construction, typically only monthly and yearly climatic characteristics of hydrological and meteorological conditions, as well as statistical conclusions on the main weather systems causing high winds and waves in the region, can be considered. These data alone cannot represent the wind and wave distribution in specific operational areas. Sometimes, it is necessary to refer to the wind and wave characteristics of the operational waters for specific port operation point selection. In such cases, remote sensing or simulation techniques, such as computational fluid dynamics (CFD), are used to infer the wind and wave distribution characteristics. Taking Shanghai Yangshan Deepwater Port as an example, the design of the pilot boarding point for strong winds and waves is located near the main channel, providing limited protection against high winds and waves. On average, there are 11.9 instances of pilot traffic control caused by high winds and waves each year. To mitigate the impact of severe weather on port operations, it is proposed to move the temporary boarding point for pilots in strong winds and waves westward to the east gate closer to the port area. Traditional hydrological and meteorological statistical data cannot support the selection of the new area, so it was decided to use CFD technology to simulate the wind environment in the relevant island and reef area and analyze the wind field distribution under different wind directions. Combined with the three-year statistical data from the meteorological station on Xiaoyangshan Island, a new area for the temporary pilot boarding point was selected. The CFD wind environment simulation results provided the primary technical support for determining the reference area.
    
    VL  - 8
    IS  - 6
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, China

  • Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, China

  • Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, China

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