### Modeling and Simulation of a Parabolic Trough Solar Concentrator

Received: 11 November 2021    Accepted: 7 December 2021    Published: 24 December 2021
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Abstract

This work consisted of the mathematical modeling of a parabolic trough concentrator. To this end, a heat balance has been established for the different parts of the parabolic trough concentrator, which are the heat transfer fluid, the absorber and the glass. This allowed us to establish a system of equation whose resolution was done by the finite difference method. This digital resolution made it possible to obtain the temperatures of the different parts of our parabolic trough concentrator, namely, the heat transfer fluid, the absorber and the glass. The simulation of the heating process of the fluid is done in time steps of one hour, from six hours to eighteen hours. The results obtained show that the temperature difference between the inlet and the outlet of the solar collector is very large. A computer program has been developed to simulate the temperatures of the heat transfer fluid, the absorber tube and the glass as a function of time and space. These results were obtained for a typical day with regard to the variation of the temperatures of the heat transfer fluid, the absorber and the glass, as well as the powers and efficiency of the parabolic trough concentrator and various factors for the sake of improve the performance of our prototype.

 Published in Engineering Physics (Volume 5, Issue 2) DOI 10.11648/j.ep.20210502.14 Page(s) 54-62 Creative Commons This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited. Copyright Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Science Publishing Group
Keywords

Modeling, Simulation, Parabolic Trough Concentrator, Heat Transfer Fluid, Temperature

References
 [1] Iqbal, M. 1983. An introduction to solar energy, edition: academic press. Toronto. [2] Lienhard, J. H. IV and V. 2003. A heat transfer, textbook third edition. [3] Thorsten, A. S. 2002. Automatic Control of the 30 Mwe SEGS VI parabolic trough plant, A thesis for the degree of the master of science, University of Wisconsin – Madison. [4] Ammari, H. D. and Nimir, Y. L. 2003. Experimental and theoretical of performance of a tar water heater, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol 44 pp 3037-3055. [5] Jean-Pierre, Petit. 1989-1990. Convection Naturelle, Ecole Centrale Paris. [6] Ameghouchouche, M. 2002. Simulation et prédiction des pertes thermiques d’un Absorbeur pour un concentrateur cylindro-parabolique, thèse de magister, Batna. [7] Bonnet, Alphilippe, M. and Stouffs, P. 2003. Conversion thermodynamique de l’énergie solaire dans des installations de faible ou de moyenne puissance: Réflexion sur choix du meilleur degré de concentration, Rev. Energ. Ren: 11ème Journées internationales de thermique 73-80. [8] Das, T. and Pramanik, K. 2004. Modelling and Performance Evaluation of Solar Water Heating Systems, Word Renewable Energy Congress VIII (WREC). [9] Mullick, S. C. and Nanda, S. 1989. An improved technique for computing the heat loss factor of tubular absorber, Solar Energy Vol. 42, N°1, pp 1-7. [10] Klein, S. A., Duffie, J. A. and Beckman, W. A. 1974. Transient considerations of flat-plate solar collectors, Journal Eng Power, Vol. 96 A, ASME.
Cite This Article
• APA Style

Kpeusseu Angeline Kouambla Epse Yeo, Bati Ernest Boya Bi, Prosper Gbaha. (2021). Modeling and Simulation of a Parabolic Trough Solar Concentrator. Engineering Physics, 5(2), 54-62. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ep.20210502.14

ACS Style

Kpeusseu Angeline Kouambla Epse Yeo; Bati Ernest Boya Bi; Prosper Gbaha. Modeling and Simulation of a Parabolic Trough Solar Concentrator. Eng. Phys. 2021, 5(2), 54-62. doi: 10.11648/j.ep.20210502.14

AMA Style

Kpeusseu Angeline Kouambla Epse Yeo, Bati Ernest Boya Bi, Prosper Gbaha. Modeling and Simulation of a Parabolic Trough Solar Concentrator. Eng Phys. 2021;5(2):54-62. doi: 10.11648/j.ep.20210502.14

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author = {Kpeusseu Angeline Kouambla Epse Yeo and Bati Ernest Boya Bi and Prosper Gbaha},
title = {Modeling and Simulation of a Parabolic Trough Solar Concentrator},
journal = {Engineering Physics},
volume = {5},
number = {2},
pages = {54-62},
doi = {10.11648/j.ep.20210502.14},
url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ep.20210502.14},
eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ep.20210502.14},
abstract = {This work consisted of the mathematical modeling of a parabolic trough concentrator. To this end, a heat balance has been established for the different parts of the parabolic trough concentrator, which are the heat transfer fluid, the absorber and the glass. This allowed us to establish a system of equation whose resolution was done by the finite difference method. This digital resolution made it possible to obtain the temperatures of the different parts of our parabolic trough concentrator, namely, the heat transfer fluid, the absorber and the glass. The simulation of the heating process of the fluid is done in time steps of one hour, from six hours to eighteen hours. The results obtained show that the temperature difference between the inlet and the outlet of the solar collector is very large. A computer program has been developed to simulate the temperatures of the heat transfer fluid, the absorber tube and the glass as a function of time and space. These results were obtained for a typical day with regard to the variation of the temperatures of the heat transfer fluid, the absorber and the glass, as well as the powers and efficiency of the parabolic trough concentrator and various factors for the sake of improve the performance of our prototype.},
year = {2021}
}
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JO  - Engineering Physics
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UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ep.20210502.14
AB  - This work consisted of the mathematical modeling of a parabolic trough concentrator. To this end, a heat balance has been established for the different parts of the parabolic trough concentrator, which are the heat transfer fluid, the absorber and the glass. This allowed us to establish a system of equation whose resolution was done by the finite difference method. This digital resolution made it possible to obtain the temperatures of the different parts of our parabolic trough concentrator, namely, the heat transfer fluid, the absorber and the glass. The simulation of the heating process of the fluid is done in time steps of one hour, from six hours to eighteen hours. The results obtained show that the temperature difference between the inlet and the outlet of the solar collector is very large. A computer program has been developed to simulate the temperatures of the heat transfer fluid, the absorber tube and the glass as a function of time and space. These results were obtained for a typical day with regard to the variation of the temperatures of the heat transfer fluid, the absorber and the glass, as well as the powers and efficiency of the parabolic trough concentrator and various factors for the sake of improve the performance of our prototype.
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Author Information
• National Institute Polytechnic Houphou?t Boigny, New and Renewable Energies Group, Laboratory of Mechanics and Materials Science, Yamoussoukro, Ivory Coast

• National Institute Polytechnic Houphou?t Boigny, New and Renewable Energies Group, Laboratory of Mechanics and Materials Science, Yamoussoukro, Ivory Coast

• National Institute Polytechnic Houphou?t Boigny, New and Renewable Energies Group, Laboratory of Mechanics and Materials Science, Yamoussoukro, Ivory Coast

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